Second Battle of St. Albans


February 17, 1461



Following the defeat of the Yorkist army at Wakefield, a large Lancastrian army of about 12,000 men pillaged and plundered its way south towards London. At St Albans the Earl of Warwick and about 9.000 Yorkists encamped in and about the north of the town on Barnard's Heath and Nomansland Common. Here they constructed a number of defences including caltraps, spiked nets and pavises and awaited the arrival of the Lancastrian army. The attack did not come in the direction Warwick had anticipated: a large Lancastrian vanguard entered St Albans from the direction of Dunstable and chased the Yorkist rearguard out of the town. The main Yorkist army was then attacked from the flank and rear. Even so, most of the Yorkist army withdrew in good order amid the confusion. Warwick then marched west towards the approaching Yorkist army commanded by Edward, Earl of March. This left London to defend itself. When the Lancastrian army arrived outside the city walls the Londoners refused to open the gates. Without sufficient artillery the Lancastrians were forced to withdraw north to Yorkshire again.


Our thanks to Graham Turner for his permission to use our artwork. 

For more information on his work, his website is located at


                                                    Yorkists                                                         Lancastrians





















William Lord Bonville, executed

Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset

Edward Lord Bourchier

John Lord Clifford

John Bourchier, Lord Berners, taken prisoner

Thomas Courtenay, Earl of Devon

Lord Charlton, taken prisoner

Henry Lord Grey of Codnor

Sir William Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel

Sir John Grey of Groby, killed in battle

William Gregory

Ralph Lord Greystoke

Henry VI, captured by Lancastrians

Henry Holland, Duke of Exeter

Sir Thomas Kyriel, executed

Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland

Sir Henry Lovelace, went over to Lancastrians

Robert Poynings, killed in battle

John Neville, Lord Montague, taken prisoner

Henry Lord Roos

Sir John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk

Sir William Tailboys, knighted

Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick

John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury

William Neville, Lord Fauconberg

Sir Andrew Trollope, knighted

John De La Pole, Duke of Suffolk

Richard Willoughby, Lord Welles

Sir John Wenlock


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Second Battle of St. Albans

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