Battle of Barnet

April 14, 1471

 

After a brief spell in exile Edward IV, the Duke of Gloucester and about 500 other exiles set sail from Holland with an army of some 1,500 mercenaries landing at Ravenspur on the Humber estuary. From here they marched to York.

Challenge in the MistEdward then quickly headed south avoiding elements of Warwick's army whilst being reinforced on the way by a large numbers of his retainers at both Doncaster and Nottingham. At Banbury, Edward met up with his brother, the Duke of Clarence, who was at the head of a considerable force and they men marched on London. There they freed a number of prominent Yorkist prisoners and captured Henry VI.

In the meantime the Earl of Warwick, his brother the Marquis of Montague, the Duke of Exeter and the Earl of Oxford had gathered their forces together at Coventry and were marching on London. Edward having received news of Warwick's approach marched out of London on April 13, 1471 with some 12,000 men. They camped on Hadley Green just north of Barnet and awaited Warwick's army, which numbered about 15,000 men.

The following morning both sides deployed for battle somewhere between Kitts End and Old Fold Manor. Due to a thick mist both armies were not properly aligned and their right wings were slightly overlapping each other. When Edward's army advanced, his right wing outflanked Warwick's left under Exeter, but Edward's left was similarly outflanked and routed by Warwick's right wing under the Earl of Oxford. Somehow Edward managed to shore up his left with his reserve and weighed into Warwick in the centre.

Oxford, who had pursued some of the routing Yorkist army towards Barnet, began to make his way back towards the raging battle and in the mist, came upon Warwick's right flank. In the confusion of battle Montague's men mistook Oxford for Yorkists and fired upon them. With shouts of treason, Oxfords men withdrew and Edward IV threw in the last of his reserve, which finally broke Warwick's army.

In the subsequent rout Warwick and Montague were killed. Exeter was left for dead on the battlefield. In total about 3,000 men were killed on both sides.

 


                                                        Yorkists                                                               Lancastrians

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isaru de la Berina, Lord de Gensac, killed in battle

William Viscount Beaumont

Walter Blount, Lord Mountjoy

Henry Holland, Duke of Exeter, wounded

Humphrey Bourchier, Lord Cromwell, killed in battle

Sir Louis John, killed in battle

Sir Humphrey Bourchier, killed in battle

Sir John Marney

Sir Robert Chamberlain

John Myslent, killed in battle

Sir Gilbert Debenham

William Myslent, escaped

Sir Walter Devereaux, Lord Ferrers

George Neville, Archbishop of York, taken prisoner and pardoned

Gaillard de Durefort, Lord Duras

John Neville, Marquis Montagu, killed in battle

William Fiennes, Lord Saye, killed in battle

Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, killed in battle

Lord de la Force, killed in battle

John Paston, III, wounded but survived

Henry Lord Grey of Codnor, rewarded

Sir John Paston, escaped

Sir James Harrington

Sir William Tyrell, killed in battle

John Harper, killed in battle

Sir George de Vere, escaped

Sir Ralph Hastings

John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, escaped

William Lord Hastings

Sir Thomas de Vere, escaped

John Lord Howard

Thomas Howard

Thomas Huddleston, killed in battle

John Milewater, killed in battle

Sir William Norris

Thomas Parr, killed in battle

Sir William Parr

Edward IV, King of England

George, Duke of Clarence

Richard, Duke of Gloucester

Thomas, Lord Stanley

Sir William Stanley

Anthony Woodville, Earl Rivers

Christopher Worslsey, killed in battle

ŠThe Richard III Foundation, Inc.

 

The Battle of Barnet 14 April 1471

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