King Richard III
and the City of York
Listed below are the various grants, letters and other forms of correspondence between Richard III and the City of York.
Year of 1476
Richard, duke of Gloucester, Great Constable and Admiral of England, and Henry earl of Northumberland, visited York 13 March 1476 with other barons, knights, squires, yeomen, and others numbering 5000 men. After greetings were exchanged, the duke addressed the civic officials within Bootham Bar, saying that he was sent by the king to support the rule of law and peace. A proclamation was written reminding the citizens of the duties to the law:
proclamacio The king our sovereigne lorde straitely chargith and commaundith that no man of whatevere condicion or degre he of make ne cause to be made any affray or any othir attempt or doo, wherthrough the pease of the king our saide sovereigne lorde shulde be broken; nor that no man make nor pike any quarell for any olde rancour, malice, matier or cause hertofore donne; and that and that nomaner man here axem, bille, longdebefe, piked staff, swerde or othir unlawful wepyn, except the kinges officeres, upon payne of imprisonment of thaire bodies at the kinges will, fortfaiture of thaire wepenes and making fine and raunsom at the kinges pleasure. And overe this the right high and mighti Prince Richard duc of Gloucestre, grete constable and admirall of England, and the right noble Lorde Herry earl of Northumberland on the kinges behalf straightely chargeith and commaundith that every man observe, kepe and obeye all the premisses upon the peyne abovesaide. And if any misguided (per) persone make any affraie, as God defende, that no man take parte with the same but indevoire hym to appease it and to bring the offender to the kinges gaole to prison upon the same payne, and as they woll avoide their displeasures and utter indignacions; and that no man presume to take herbigages but suche as shalbe assigned or appoynted by the herbigers of the saide duc upon the grevious peyne that therefore maie ensue and folowe. By the order of the aforesaid duke and earl, the entire proclamation was made and executed by the mayor on the day and year abovesaid throughout the entire city.
Richard duc of Gloucestr’ constable and admirall of England, to our trusty and welbeloved the bailiff and tenauntz of our lordship of Houke, and to all other personne or personnes having, holdeing and occupying any fishegarth or fishegarthes, piles, stakes, hays, scarves or kidelles within the king our sovrerigne lordes rivieres in thies parties, to the noissance of his subgettes of this reaulme and in especial of his citie of York and the inhabitauntz of the same, and ayenste the effecte of diverse statues ordeyned in that behaulf, greting. We, on the behaulf of our saide sovereigne lorde, straitely charge you and in our towne will that ye incontinent after the sight of thies our lettres ammove, takup and withdrawe, and iche of you ammovem take up and withdrawe all suche fishe garthes, piles, stakes, hays, scarves, and kidelles aswell to us belongeing as to any of you within the said ryveres beyng noisaunt as is aforsaide, as ye intende to please us and to eschewe the juperdies that threof now eschewe. Yeven under our signet, etc.
We having a singuler confidence in your ful good lordeship afore othir humbly beseche your saide lordeship to directe your lettres to your baillyes and tenauntz in Howdenshire and other places adjoynyng to the saide riveres in like fourme for the amending and deue refourmacion of the premissez according with the saide commission and statutes therof ordeined, as we shalbe redie at all tymes to doo that maie be to the pleaser of your good lordeship, with the grace of allmighti God, whome we moste humbly beseche to preserve you, right reverende fader in God and our ful special goode lorde in perfite joye and ful prosperour astate longe to endure. Writen at York the (ij da) xxijth day of Marche.
(A copy of two letters sent by the duke of Gloucester to the lords Hastings and Stanley for their assiduous care, diligence and work taken with the lord king against Yotten, in the form following):
Right worshipful and right entierely beloved cousin, I recommaunde me unto you as hertily as I can. Cousin, it is to that the maire, shireffes, aldermen and commens of the citie of York have shewed unto me howe that thay for diverse and many offenses, excessive takinges of money, misguiding of thaire bokes, accomptes and evidences, with other grete trispassez doone and committed by Thomas Yotten, late tharre commen servaunt and clerke, wherin he is of his awne confession, open prouffe and sufficient testimonie founden culpable, defective and unable to occupie that rome, have by thaire hole and commen assent discharged and avoided hym from further occupeing of the same, and howe thay be thaire lettres under thaire commen seale have written to the kinges grace reciteing the premissez, and have instaunced me to shew unto theyme therin my goode lordeship. I, not oonely considering the saide premissez and thaire commen wele and profitt, but also theyre goode, herty and (feit) feighfull disposiciones, whiche they accordeing to thaire dewties in sundrie behaulfes doo bere towardes the kinges highness, desire therfire cousin and in my right herty wise pray you to be unto theyme herein so goode and lovyng lorde, as at this myne instaunce and praier to move the kinges goode grace on my behaulf that it maie like the same to permitte and licence theyme to name, accepte and admitte thayre commen seriaunt and clerke to occupaie the saide office accordeing to thayre liberties, grauntes, privilages, laudables custumes and olde ordinances by his highness and his most noble progenitours graunted, approved, ratified and confermed, and ther of tyme that no mynde is used, observed and accustumed, and to be unto theyme therin the more singler goode and gracious sovereign lorde for my sake, and in this your so dooing ye shall not oonely have merite of God but doo unto me right singler pleaser and to thaymne thing righ thankefull, that knowith our lorde who perserve you, right worshipful and right entierly beloved cousin, in his moste assured proteccion. Writen at my castell of Middelham the viijth day of July.
Die Veneris ixi die Julii anno regin regis Edwardi iiij xvj
Mayor: Thomas Wrangwyche. 12: Thomas Nelson, John Gilyot, John Marshall, William Snaweshill, Richard Yorke, Christopher Marshall, William Lambe, John Glasen, John Tonge, William Welles, John Feriby. Sheriff: Thomas Scotton. 24: Richard Cleybroke, Thomas Catour, Robert Amyas, John Lightlop, Thomas Mariot.
Copies of the letter concerning Thomas Yotten to be sent under the common seal to the lord king, the duke of Gloucester, and the lords Hastings and Stanley, were read aloud and declared true. It was unanimously agreed that the letters should be drawn up under common seal.
Ultimo die Decembris anno xvj regni Edwardi iiij
Mayor: Thomas Wrangwyche. 12: Thomas Nelson, John Gilyot, John Marshall, William Snaweshill, Christopher Marshall, John Glasen, John Tonge, William Welles, John Feriby. 24: Richard Cleybroke, Thomas Catour, John Letheley, Thomas Aleyn, Robert Amyas, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Mariot.
The saide day and tyme by the forsaide maire and counsaile it was hole agreid and assented that the duk of Gloucestr’ shall for his grete labours of now late made unto the kinges goode grace for the conservacion of the liberties of this citie, that he shalbe presented at his commyng to the citie with vj swannes and vj pikes.
Item the same day and tyme it was agreed and assented that Thomas Coly shall for his grete offences doone and committed in setting up and keping of a vesmentmaker of London within his inne ayensie the ordinance, actes and statues of the citie and craftes within the saide citie, that he shall forfeit and lese his fraunchises, and overthat to paie and forfet the payne in the saide ordinancez, actes and statutes therof indicated, ordeined and provided.
Item the same day and tyme place it was agreed and assented by all the hold counsaile abovesaide at the humble suplicacion of all the tanners of this citie and for liij s. iiij d. paying in hande unto the chaumbre to the commen use of the said citie that thay shulde have certaine ordinances of newe by theyme made and enacted to be added to theire ordinaunces of olde tyme, herafter made and enacted to be added to theire ordinaunces of olde tyme, herafter perpetually to (be) observed and keped in the same craft as it pleynely appereith in the lesse regestre of the saide chambre amonges other actes and ordinaunces of the crafte abovesaide.
And paid for two tenches, two pikes, and three gallons of red wine, given to the Lord Duke of Gloucester, 14s. 8d.
And paid for three gallons of red wine, given to the Lord Baron of Graystok, Edward Hastyngs, knight, and Thomas Wytham, and others of the council of the Lord Duke of Gloucester, bringing ketters from the Lady Duchess of Gloucester, directed to the mayor and aldermen, 2s.
And paid to a footman of the Lord Duke of Gloucester, 20d.
And paid to a messenger of the Lady Duchess of Gloucester, by order of the mayor, 20d.
And paid another time to the said footman of the Lord Duke of Gloucester, 12d.
And paid the expenses of Peter Couke, Serjeant, riding from York to Doncaster to the Lord Duke of Gloucester, with a letter from the mayor, 2s. 6d. And paid to the same Peter, as a reward, by order of the mayor, for his labour done in that behalf, 8d. And paid Reginald Brokholes, of York, Bowyer, for amends and satisfaction to him for his horse, being hurt and damaged in the journey of the same Peter Couke, riding from York to Doncaster, to the Lord Duke of Gloucester, with a latter from the mayor and aldermen, and the sheriffs of the same city, directed to the said Lord Duke on certain business, 13s. 4d.
And paid in reward to a footman of Richard Duke of Gloucester, by order of the mayor, 12d.
Year of 1477
(Copy of letters written to Richard duke of Gloucester, great constable and admiral of England, for the reformation of the fishgarths):
Ryght and myghty prince and our ful tendre and especial gude lorde, we your humblie (servauntes) as lawlie as we can or may recomendes us to your high and gude grace, havyng a singler confidence in your high and noble lordship a fore eny other, besecheth your highnesse to impende your favorable gude grace to our servaunt the berer hereof in maters diverse which he shal of our behalf propose in writyng to the kyng our sovereigne lorde gude grace concernyng the reformacion of certan ffishegarthez as vit standyng in certain ryvers, wherein we humble besecheth your high and gude grace to be a men to the kyng our said sovereigne lorde in thies premissez, and we your said humble servauntes shal evermore pray to the almyfluent God for your prosperous (astat) estate. Writen at Yorke the xxjth day of Octobre.
By your humble servauntes the maire and aldermen of the citie of Yorke.
The duc of Gloucestr’ constable and admirall of England
Right trusty and welbelovyd we grete you wele and asserten you that accordyng to your desires late by your servaunt to us broght touching reformacion of Goldalegarth or eny other, we have moved the kynges grace in the same and therapon his said grace hathe commaunded us at our next home commyng to take a vewe and oversight of the said garthes and weeres and suche of thame as have not ben alowed afore justices of Ayre, to see at they be pulled doune, the which or eny other thing that we may do to the wele of your said cite we shall put us in our uttermost devour and gode will be Godes grace, who kepe you. Yeven under our signet at London the xvth day of Novembr’.
To oure right trusty and welbelovyd the maire and aldermen of the cite of Yorke.
The bond of William Parr of York, to appear before the mayor on any day the mayor summons him, and not absent himself, in order to answer Richard duke of Gloucester on various matters declared by the duke and mayor, with sureties William Seauseby, Thomas Denton, and Thomas Brounfeld, and also that he conduct himself well in word and deed towards the lord king.
Year of 1478
Duodecimo die Julii anno regni regis Edwardi iiij in camera consiliiMayor: Monsieur John Fereby. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: Thomas Neilson, John Gyllot, John Marshall, William Snawsell, Richard Yorke, William Lambe, Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, Robert Amyas. Sheriffs; Robert Hancock, William Spence. 24: William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Nicholas Pearson.
The same day, persens and place by all abovesaid that for somoche as the prior of the Trinites in this cite of York thare presently in his propre person pitivouselie besought the said maire and his brethren that he myght have in thare namez under the seal (off) of office a letter of rogacion (u) made unto the right high and myghty prince the duc of Glocestre shewyng to his hig(h)nesse the grete povertie of the said place, the which desire of the said prior the which desire (sic)wer graunted and thenent therof foloweth:
Right high and myghty prince and our ful gude gracious lorde, after moste humble recommendacion with all dewe honour and reverence, pleas it your gude grace Dane Robert Halowes nowe prior or priore of the Trinite within the kynge our sovereing lorde cite of York ande the convent of the same, have nowe late commen afore me and my brethren in our counsell chaimbre in the said cite and there pitivouselie shewed unto us there grete penury, povertie and trouble with many other grete and (intro) intolerable hurtes and myschevys done and committed ayanest the wele of your said place by oon Thomas Dernton, late called prior of the same, for the reforacion wherof with other thinges ther concernyng they have writen unto your gule grace accordyng with thare dewtie and for them more credence to be had and yeven therin, send it to your grude grace by our trusty and our ful entierlie welbeloved brother Thomas Wrangwish with certeyn credence concernyng the same, which writyng and credence we understonstond (sic) for threwth the more petie discomforte to all the loufers and welwillers of the said place, remembryng the gret honour had and kepid by the priories therof in tyme passed aswele in mayntenyng of divine service, sadd guydyng of the religion, beldeyng, nurter, welefare and hospitality as in all other thinges concernyng the pleasour of God, the goode rule of religion and the wirship of the cite, which withoute your habundaunt grace and dewe reformacion wilbe utterlie extincte and expired for ever. We therfore humbly beseche your gude (grace) after your ful noble pleasour to purvey remedie in the premissez ande to yeve credence to our said brother in such thinges as he shall enfourme your gude grace belongyng to the same and (for) evermore to the blissed trinite for your noble prosperous estate. Writen at Yorke.
To our right trusty and welbeloved the maiour, aldermen and shireffes of the cite of York.
Right trusty and welbeloved we grete you wele, and desire and pray you that in such thinges as we have commaunded our right trusty servaunt this bringer to opyn and disclose unto you on our behalve, ye will yeve ferme feith and credence ande shewe therin your goode willes ande lovyng disposicions and that we may be assertened by hym of your towardenes in the same as our especiall trust is in you. Yeven undre our signet at Raby the last day of Novembre.
The duc of Gloucestr’ grete chambrelyn, constable and admiral of England
Year of 1479
And in the like expenses incurred for the mayor, aldermen, and other gentlemen, and many being with them, in surveying the waters and great banks of the Ouse, Aire, and Wharfe, and the fishgarths and other impediments in the same, for four days and as many nights, together with William Redeman, knight, Ralph Hastyngs, esquire, and the Escheator of the chamber of York, on the part and by order of Richard Duke of Gloucester; and John Pikering, Knight, and John Landale, esquire, on the part and by order of Henry Earl of Northumberland with twenty-four persons attending upon them, and for their horses, and the hire of ships and boats, and the servants of the same, going staying and returning in the month of April, together with 60s. paid in special rewards for their attendance and diligent labour then and there being, viz. To the aforesaid Ralph Hastyngs, 26s. 8d., to Miles Metcalfe, Recorder, 13s. 4d. and 20s. given in reward to divers persons working at Goldern Garth, by order of the mayor, 19l. 4s. 3d.
Year of 14806 May
Mayor: John Marshall. 12: John Gilliot, William Snawsell, John Tong, John Fereby, Robert Amyas. Sheriffs: Richard Clerk, Richard Marston. 24: Thomas Catour because late ij d., John Towthorp, John Lyghtlope, Thomas Alan, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Robert Hancock, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte. Absent: Thomas Neleson ill, Richard York out (of town?), Christopher Marshall ill, John Letheley ill, Thomas Scotton out (of town?), William Tod ill, Henry Williamson ill.
On this day a servaunt of the illustrious prince Richard duke of Gloucester brought a letter to the mayor, and in the presence of the aforesaid the letter touching certain matters was read.
Mayor: John Marshall. 12: John Gilliot, Richard York, William Lambe, John Fereby, John Glasyn, William Welles, John Tong, Robert Amyas. Sheriffs: Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allan (late) ij d., John Towthorp, John Lyghtlope, Alan Wilberfosse, Nicholas Pearson late, Robert Hancock (late) ij d., William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte. Absent: Thomas Neleson ill, William Snawsell iiij d. (fine for unexcused absence?), Christopher Marshall ill, Thomas Scotton overseas, William Tod ill.
All agreid unamiously that alderman Thomas Wrangwish will ride to London to the kings council concerning various matters, and that Nicholas Pereson will ride with him and with various letters written by the mayor and council to Richard duke of Gloucester, to the lord chancellor, the lord chamberlain, to Guy Fairfax, Richard Pygot, and John Vavasour. Thomas Davyson will ride to the duke of Gloucester for recorder Miles Metcalf for various letters of the duke.
Memorandum quod xiij die Augusti anno regni Edwardi iiij etc., in consilio etc. videlicet:
Mayor: John Marshall. 12: John Gilliot, William Snawsell, John Tong, Robert Amyas. Sheriffs: Richard Clerk, Richard Marston. 24: Thomas Catour, John Towthorp, John Lyghtlope, Alan Wilberfosse, Robert Hancock, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte.
All greed that Thomas Dekynson and John Sponer will ride to the illustrious prince Richard duke of Gloucester concerning letters and a credence sent, letters enrolled fully this year. And after the council had finished with this, John Neuton, secretary to Henry earl of Northumberland, arrived with letters, writings, and credences, the tenor of which are to be enrolled in the said book this year.
Mayor: John Marshall. 12: John Gyllot, William Snawsell, John Tong, William Wellys. Sheriffs: Richard Clerk, Richard Marston. 24: Thomas Catour, John Towthorp, Thomas Alleyn, John Lightlop, William Chymney, Robert Hancock, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte.
It was decided that all the men who rode against the Scots will have from the city and the wappentake of Ansty a jacket of white and red at commen expense. And it was also decided and ordained that each parish will pay double the previous assessment.
(Cartwright William Crosseby and Thomas Pymperton, constables of the parish of the Blessed Virgin Mary, show that Thomas Been was fined by them because he removed himself outside the city and refused to obey it.)
Penultimo (xx) die Augusti anno xx regno regis Edwardi iiij
Mayor: John Marshall. 12: John Gilliot, William Lambe, John Tonge, John Glasyn. Sheriffs: Richard Clerk, Richard Marston. 24: Thomas Catour, Robert Hancock, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, John Lightlop, Alan Wilberfosse. Absent: William Snawsell, William Wellys, Thomas Allayn, John Towthorp.
Today a letter from the illustrious prince Richard duc of Gloucester was read concerning his campaign against the Scots. And it was decided that the standard bearer should have as a reward from the chamber 6s. 8d. beyond his parish wage. And the sheriffs for their horses (should have) 10 s. from the chamber. And Thomas Clerk should have 40 d. beyond his allowance for his horse. And considered and decided that Peter Cooke and John Nicolson should repay the money to the constables of various parishes which they received from them. And also that John Egglesfeld should account for the money given to him on his first expedition, then have a reward according to the wish of the mayor, namely 13 s. 4 d., and allocate it to the men-at-arms as previously, namely 18 d. a day. And also that John Egglesfeld return all spoiles of war and other booty to the chamberlains to remain in the council chamber.
Richard of Gloucester to the city of York
…the Scots in great multitude intend this Saturday night to enter into (the) marches of these north parts…We trusting to God to…resist their malice…desire and require you to send unto us at Durham, on Thursday next, a servant of yours accompanied with such certain number of your city defensibly arrayed, as you intend and may deserve right special thanks from the king's highness and us…
Mayor: John Marshall. 12: John Gilliot, William Lambe, Thomas Wrangiwish, John Tonge, Robert Amyas. 24: John Towthorp, Thomas Alleyn, Alan Wilberfosse, Richard Marston, William Spence, William Tayte.
At which day it is agreid that Robert Amyas (shall) on one of the aldermen, shall ryde unto (Shirehoute) Shireff Huton into the right high and myghti prince the duc of Gloucestre and with hym John Eggelsfeld etc.
Item it is (sic) agreid that Richard Colynston of Essyngwold yoman shall inlaw his body tofore the maire and his counsell uppon Monday next commyng etc. Item it is assentid and agreid that John Towthorpe (oce) shall from this day forwerd have and occupie both his gressyng and his occupacion within (jv milez) of this cite (during his leiffe), he paying (therfor) to the charges of this said cite (ix markes) (v li.) of lawfull money tofore hand etc.
Edward IV to the City of York
…by the report of our dearest brother the Duke of Gloucester, we have understood to our full good pleasure your ready disposition to serve us in his company against our enemies and rebels the Scots, for which we tenderly thank you and pray for your continuance in the same; letting you know that, in such reasonble things as you shall have to do with us hereafter, we shall therefore so remember your dispositions as shall be to your welfare and honour in time to come.
Year of 1481
Robert Amyas was elected 3 February 1481; Edward IV completed his twentieth year on the throne on 3 March 1481; hence the letter’s composition falls between the two dates.
Tempore Roberti Amyas maioris civitatis Ebor’ anno regni regi Edwardi quarti post conquestum vicesimo
Tharticles of credence by the kynges commaundement to be delyverede to the duc of Gloucestr’ and therle of Northumberland by Thomas Lynom and Rauff Hothom:
(Ri R Right honorabill)
First, uppon delyvere of the kynges lettres unto aither of theme, it is to be shewed that the kynges minde, will and and (sic) desire is that ther in all godely hast uppon the same shuld comme to gidder in a conveniant place for thexecusion of theffect of the seid lettres.
Item, that aither of theim incontinent theruppon shall addres them severally to their parties calling unto theim theire servauntes and inhabitauntes of the same, shewing the kynges mynde and entent compresed in the seid lettres, and theruppon aither of theim shall desire to understaunde the gude will and asistance of every gentylman or touneships in that behalve so that the kyng may therby be assertanede of such nombre as will asciste and serve him in those contres accordyng the kynges desire in his seid lettres. Item, that aither of thei(m) seid lordes in all goodly haste upon the (blank)
xv Marcii anno xxj regni regis Edwardi iiij
Mayor: Robert Amyas. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: John Marshall, William Snawsell, Richard Yorke, Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, William Wellys. Sheriffs: John Hagg, Michael White. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Alan, John Towthorp, John Lighlop, Alan Wilberfosse, Robert Hancock, Robert Gyll, Richard Marshall.
Today it was decided that (the following should be given to) the illustrious prince Richard duke of Gloucester and others, (firstly) 3 s. 4 d., (secondly) 2 s. 6 d., (thirdly) 3 s.; (and also) three pike, six tench, two s(almon?), six bream. And also, six gallons of red wine, two gallons of sweet wine, and 12 pennyloaves of bread.
Mayor: Robert Amyas. 12: John Marshall, William Snawsell, Richard Yorke, Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, William Lambe, John Fereby, John Newton, William Todd. Sheriffs: John Hagg, Michael White. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lightlop, William Chymney, Thomas Scotton, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk. (Ansty men): Sir William Stapleton, Master Ingilby, William Stokes, Thomas Dayvell, Henry Banke, Seth Snawsell, Guy Fraunkeleyn, Brian Middleton.
At which day the kinges lettre was openlie red in the presence of all (abover) abovewriten and efter that the credence of my lorde of Gloucestr’ was opinlie by the right wirshupful sir Richerd Yorke declared etc. And moreover the said Sir William Stapleton knyght and other gentilmen of Aynestie desired curtaslie that as for the noumbre of men defensibly araied that they myght understond and more over to have a day of answer, the which day is yeven unto thame to appere and yif answer to the maire and his brethren of Wethenusday next commyng etc.
The duc of Gloucestre
Right trusty and welbeloved we grete you wele, and let you wyt that it is shewyd unto us that the Scottes in grete multitude entende this Saterday nyght in thre hostes to entre into the thre marches of these north partyes, and by such knowlage as our cosin of Northumbirland hath that they entende to enter into hys marches, we trustyng to God to be mete to resite their malice whatsoever marches that they do entre, on the kyng our soverayn lordes behalve we desire and require you therfore and on our owne hertely praye you that for the defence of this his realme and resistence of their said malices, ye do send unto us to Duresme on Thursday next comyng a servaunt of yours accompanyd with suche certen nombre of your citee defensibly araied, as that ye entende and may deserve right speciall thankes of the kynges hyghness and us, and that is be not failled as our faithfull trust is in you. Yeven under our signet the viijth day of September.
To our right trusty and welbelovyd the maiour, schereffes and aldermen of the citie of Yorke
By the kyng
Trusty and welbeloved we grete you wele, and by the reaporte of our derest brodir the duc of Gloucestre we have understande to our ful good pleasur your redy dispocion to serve us in hys company ayenst oure ennemys and rebelles the Scottes, for the whyche we tenderly thanke you and pray you /of your continuance in the same, lattyng yow wytt that in suche reasonabyll thynges as ye shall have to doo your with us herafter we shall therfor so remembre youre saide disposicon as shalbe to your wele and honnour in tymes to come. Yeven under our signet in our castell of Nottyngham the xixth day of October.
Year of 1482
xij die Marcii anno xxij regni regis Edwardi iiij
Mayor: Richard Yorke. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: William Snawsell,William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, John Newton. Counsellor: Thomas Asper. Sheriffs: John Harper, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, Henry Williamson, Thomas Allan, John Lightlop, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Hancock, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg , Michael White.
At the which eftsonez the kynges gracius lettres in affirmyng of of (sic) the (effe) eleccion of Richard Yorke of (of) this cite, etc. was redd etc.
Item the same day it is agreid and assentid by all abovesaid that the constitucion maid in the (time of the) right wirshipful sir Thomas Neilson maiour of the assemble of aldermen and xxiiij lawfully somonyd to thecounsell, shalbe from hensforth observed and kepid in (that) all (h) behalves etc.
Item the same day it is agreid that for the greit labour, gude and benevolent lordship that the right high and myghti prince the duc of Gloucestr’ have at all tynes doon for the wele of this cite aswele the aldermen and xxiiij as other, the gude commonalitie shall attend uppon the maiour, yeving hym a lawde and (a) thank of his greit labours, gude and (bev) benevolent lordship don tofore tyme for the honour and common wele of this cite.
Item over this it is agreid that his grace shalbe presented at him commyng, five shillings worth of white bread, fourteen gallons of wine, namely four gallons of red wine, four gallons of claret, four gallons of white Gascon wine, and two gallons of sweet wine, plus six pike, six tench, six bream, six eels, and a barrel of sturgeon.
Item it is agreid that the aldermen shalbe in (voilet) (scarlet), the xxiiij in murray or crymseyn etc.
Item the same day it is agreid that the common crane shalbe kepid by the chaimberlaynes and a clerk for this yere ensuyng etc.
xvj die mensis Marcii anno xxij regni regis Edward iiij
Mayor: Richard Yorke. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, John Newton. Counsellor: Thomas Asper. Sheriffs: John Harper, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, Henry Williamson, John Lightlop, William Chymney, Thomas Allan, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Hancock, Robert Gyll, William Spence, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg. Absent: (12): Thomas Neleson, John Gilliot, John Marshall, Michael White out (of town?).
At the which day it was agreid that all abovesaid shall attend uppon the maiour unto the Frere Austance to thentent to yiff unto the right high and myghti prince the duc of Gloucestr’ a laudable thankes for his gude and benevolent lordship that he at all tymez have had unto this cite, desiryng his grace of gude contynuaunce etc.
Item at the present to his grace (gracious) graunted in the (caus) counsell here the xij day of the moneth abovesaid shal presented by the thre chaimberleyns and the esquire to the manse etc., and than incontinenthe after that doon the said maiour and all abovesaid shall attend of his said grace to thentent as is abovesaide etc.
xxix die Marcii anno xxij regni regis Edwardi iiij
Mayor: Richard Yorke. 12: John Tong, John Fereby, Robert Amyas ij d., John Newton, William Todd. 24: Thomas (Scotton) Catour, Henry Williamson ij d., Thomas Allan, William Chymney, (Thomas) Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Hancock, (Robert) William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg ij d., Michael White. (Sheriffs): John Harper, William White ij d. Absent: Thomas Neleson, John Gilliot, John Marshall, William Snawsell, William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Lightlop.
At the which day ther was a lettre broght from the right high and myghti prince the duc of Gloucestr’ by Thomas Davyson consernyng the offendours in ringing of the common bell, committed to prison by the majour by the kynges high comaundment, for ther delyvere, which lettre was opynlie red tofore all the said presence etc.
Item the same day it is agreid and it may be goten the said duc of Gloucestr’ shalbe presented at is next commyng in Pasque weke next commyng with ij rabettes, vj ffessauntes, j dosn partrikkes, blaunderers and wyne and maynbrerd etc.
Item the same day it is agreid that (that) the presentmentes in the tyme of John Marshall maiour of the preprestours shall procede furth according to the lawe etc.
Item the same day it is agreid that the ordynaunces (tofore) maid in ffisshing with nettes or other betwix Saynt Leonard Toure and (ffrem) Frere Toure shall be observed and kepid according the effect of the same.
Item the same day it is agreid that all forent bochers commyng to this citie to sell fflesh from this day forwerd sell ther fflessh in Thursday and go toll fre etc., pagent and all other comon chargez.
xij die Aprilis ante nonam
Mayor: Richard Yorke. 12: John Tong, John Fereby, Robert Amyas, John Newton. Thomas Sheriffs: John Harper, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lightlop, Alan Wilberfosse, (Thomas Scotteon), Robert Hancock, Robert Gyll, William Layte.
At the which day came into the counsell chambre the right worshulful sir Sir Rauf Asshteon knyght in the name and by the high commaundement of the right high and myghti prince the duc of Gloucestr’. And ther and then shewed howe that his servaunt to the tresorer unto (the) (his) said (duc) (highness), of old rancour and (evill), did countenaunce one Roland Pudsey cocitesyn of the cite of Yorke within the (hes) household of his said grace and hym showderid for the offence doon within this cite, his said grace sent in to the said maiour and his brethren by the said Sir Rauf the said Thomas Redeheid to corect (hym) and punyssh hym for his said offence and uppon that commit to prison.
By the kyng
Trusty and welbelovyd we grete you wele, and where as oure right trusty and right entierlie beloyvd brother the duc of Gloucestre for the gude lordship and favour he bereth unto you hath sued unto us, that in consideracion ye be not of such richesse as ye have been in tyme past, we wold be content to have a capital and six score archers at your costes and charges tattend uppon us in this our voyage, that with Goddes grace we think to make against (or) our enymies and rebelles the Scottes; we lat you wite that for the prayer and at instance of our said brother we be pleasid with the said captain and vj archers, wilyng you in every wise to se that the said costes and charges be not laid uppon eny pour (cocitesyn) comoner bot uppon such citezins within our said citie as may easelie bere the same. And over this, we wol that ye pourvey for us asmany cartes for cariages of vitalles, and asmuch vitaille as ye by your gude poliesies and diligence can arredie for the vitaillyng of oure hoost, wherynne and in all the premissez we have shewyd our mynde to oure said entierlie belovyd brother, to whome (see) see that ye yeve ful feith and credence. Yeven undre oure signet at oure Toure of London the xijth day of Aprile.
xiiij die Maii anno xxij regni regis Edwardi iiij
Mayor: John Tonge locom tenens. 12: John Fereby, William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, Robert Ameas, John Newton, William Tod. Sheriffs: John Harper, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allan, William Chymney, Thomas Scotton, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, Alan Wilberfosse, Robert Hancock.
At the which day it was moved by the said lieutenaunt howe that the right high and myghti prince the duc of Gloucestr’ by the grace of God intendeth (bei) brivelie in hys owen person to entre Scotland uppon Wednesday next commyng after this present date in subduyng the kynges greit enemye the kyng of Scotttes and his adherentes, and for somuch as the said duc at all tymes have ben benevolent gude and gracious lorde to this cite (at all tymez), it was thoght by the said lieutenaunte that the nobles and men of (hanour and ) hanour of this cite that it war spedeful and also thankful to his said grace to send unto (his grace) (hym) a certen people wele and defensable arraid in assisting of his said grace in (this) his said purpose. And (thar apon) acordyng to the same Thomas Neylson has grantid to ffynd ij men. Item John Tong lieutenaunt have graunted (on man) (two men). Item Thomas Wrangwysh (j. man), two men. Item William Lam (ij) (a) man. Item John Newton (a) (two) man. Item John Harper and William White shireffes, ij men. Item John Gilloit ij men. Item John Marshall ij men. Item John Fereby ij men. Item William Todd ij men. Item William Snawsell (j. man) (ij men).Item William Welles (j man) ( ij men). Item (Thomas Catour) (Michael White) a man. Item John Hag j man. Item Richard Marston j man. Item Robert Gyll j man. Item William Spence j man. Item Richard Clerk j man. Item William Tayte j man. Item Thomas Scotton j man. Item William Chymney j man. Item Thomas Allan j man. Item Thomas (Sco) Catour j man. Item Herry Williamson j man. Item John Lightlop j man. Item Robert Hancok j man. Item Allan Wilberfosse j man. And over thys it is agreid be the hold counsell that wych of the aldyrmen that fayle to ffynd ij men and wich of the xxiij that ffayle to ffynd j man shall pay to the use of the chambyr x li. to be raysid of thar lands, gudes and catell with(out) ony pardon.
To the ryght and myghti prince and our ful gude and gracius lord the duc of Gloucestre, gret chamberleyn, constable, admirall of England, and warden of the west marchis (of England) ayanst Skotland
Ryght hygh and myghti prince and our ful gude and gracius lorde, we your humble servauntes recommandes us un to you gude grace, and where of late it is don us to undyrstand that ye in your nobile person entendith by the grace of God apon Wedynsday next commyng to entre the ground of Scotland in subdewyng our most dred sovereyn hordes auncient enemys Scottes, in the wich viage we besek God and Saynt George to be your gude gyde and send your gracius lorde victorie of the said Scottes and ther adherantes; have at our pore powers at thys tyme sent by our gentilman (servaunt) to the maisez John Brakenbury unto you said grace, to whom we besech to gyf credence, a certeyn people defensable arraid, not chargyng the pour commonalitie with the costes and charges uppon thame, to attend and be at your gracius commaundment, beseechyng your gude grace to be un to us and to the cite of Yorke as ye have (bene) ben at al tymis gude and gracius lorde, and we shalbe redy to accomplish that at my be to your gracius pleasour, that knoweth the immortale God who have your gracius lord and all odyr attendyng of yur said grace in hys keping.
Redy to your gracius pleasour, your homble servantes John Tonge leutenaunt, the shyryffes, (ad) aldermen and odir of the chambyr of the cite of Yorke
xxix die Maii anno xxij regni regis Edwardi iiij
Mayor: Richard Yorke. 12: Thomas Wrangwysh, John Tong, Robert Fereby, Robert Amyas, John Newton, William Todd. Sheriffs: John Harper, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allan, William Chymney, Thomas Scotton, William Spence, Robert Gyll, John Hagg, Richard Clerk, Robert Hancock.
At the which day ther was delyvered to the maire, shireffes, aldermen and xxiiij by John Brackenbury (eq) esquire to the maire a lettre from the high and mighty prince and our ful gude and gracius lorde the duc of Gloucestr’, gytting thame and other beryng the charges of lxxx able (wele) men arraied and horsed attending uppon his said grace at this last viage into Scotland in resisting of the (kynges) auncient enemys (of our sovereyn lord) the Scottes, the which letter was opynlie red in the counsell (chamber) this present day etc.
Royal Proclamation by Edward IV
James King of Scotland…decided to wage war…against us and invade our realm by sudden and armed attack. We therfore…trusting will full powers our illustrious brother, Richard Duke of Gloucester, in whom not only fir his nearness and fidelity of relationshjp but for his proved skill in military matters and his other virtues, we name, depute and ordain him our Lieutenant General…to fight, overcome and expel the said King of Scotland, our chief enemy, and his subjects, adherents and allies, however great the fight may be…
xvij die mensis Junii xxij regni regis Edwardi xiiij
Mayor: Richard York. Recorder: Miles Metcalfe. 12: William Snawsell, William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, John Newton, William Todd. Sheriffs: John Harper, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lightlop, Thomas Alayn ij d., William Chymney, William Spence, Thomas Scotton, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Marston.
At the wych day in the counsell chambre it was agreid be all above wryttyn that all the aldermen in skarlet and all the xxiij (in cremseyn) and every odyr man of craft of the cite in thar best aray shalbe to mor, that is to say the aldermen (and xxiij) be iiij of clok and every (odir) of (the of) cite be iij of clok at Me) Miklyth barr to atend of my lordes of Glowsitor gudes (and) grace of the duke of Albany apon the payn of every alderman (and xxiij) that (w) makes defaut xij d. and of every communer that make defaut vj (s. viijd.) (d.), and that my said lordes shall be presented with (lx d. mayn) breid, (wyn) iiij gallons reid wyn, iiij white and claret, ij swete (wyn), ij grete pykes, ij tenchis or bremys.
Memorandum that in the vigell of Saynt John Baptest in the xxij yere of our sovereyn lige lorde Kyng Edward the iiij, John Dayson taillour was sent for tofore Richerd Yorke, than being maiour, for a variaunce betwix the said John and one Roger Brere saddiller, the which John Dayson (emg) emonges other shewed howe that he hard Master William Melrig say in a place wher he and other was, that he hard Master Roger Brere say that as toching my lorde Gloucestr’, ‘What myght he do for the cite? Nothing bot gryn of us.’ The said William Melrig the same day was sent fore, cam personalie tofore the said maiour, and ther and then demanded by the same maiour what sedicous wordes he hard at eny tyme Roger Brer say of my lorde of Gloucestre; he answerd and said noon; and then it(s) was forther shewed whether he hard ever (v) the said Roger say, ‘What (my) (may my) lorde of Gloucestre do for (you) us of the cite? No thing bot gryn of us.’ The said William Melrig answerd and said that hard never the said Roger say noonsuch wordes ne other wordes, the which shold sound eny thing to my said lord of Gloucestre dishonour ne displesour and that he answerd and said that he is and wilbe at all tymez (that) to approve etc. This was shewed tofore the said maiour, shireffes, chamberleyns and other diverse cocitesyns of this said cite of Yorke etc.
Mayor: Richard Yorke. 12: John Marshall ij d., William Snawsell ij d., William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Tong ij d., John Fereby, William Welles ij d., Robert Amyas ij d.,William Todd. Sheriffs: William White ij d. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lightlop ij d., Thomas Alayn, William Chymney ij d., Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Robert Hancock, Richard Clerk, John Hagg, Michael White. Absent: Richard Marston, Henry Williamson.
At the which day it was commond of the benivelence graunted to the kynges highness in the last viage his said highnes proposed in his more roiall person to go ayanest his auncient enemyes the Scottes, that is to say a capitan and vj archers; shold stand (aswele of the cite as Aynestie etc.). And to attend nowe of (the) right high and myghti prince (de) the duc of Gloucestr’ and (sm) other in this next viage ayanest the said (next) kinges auncient enemyes the (said) Scottes etc., the which that propose by the grace of God shortelie to make etc. Item it is agreid the same day that the parisshing of All Halowes (sic) opon the Payment shalbe eissed a man. Item that John (Blo) Brakenbury shalbe captain. Item the same day it is agreid that every warden shall viewe within his wardanrie that every man within the same be wele and defensable arraied and that to be doon (incontinenthie etc.) in all hast gudelie etc. Item the same day John Harper one of the shereffes shall be and attend as a warden in the wardenrie of Monkebarr’ etc. Item that every sougeour shall have jv d. of the day according to the kynges wages, and tobe waget for xxviij days etc., and to have half in hond, and over that and above (such aswell) as for ther reward it shall abide to the said songeours commyng home etc.
xiij die mensis Julli anno regni regis Edwardi iiij xxij
Mayor: Richard Yorke. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: (John Marshall), William Snawsell, William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, William Todd. Sheriffs: John Harper, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lightlop, Thomas Alayn, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Robert Hancock, William Spence, (Richard Clerk late), John Hagg, Richard Marston, John Hagg.
At the wich day it was declard be the maire that Adam Barbour osteler contrari to the statues and ordinauncez of the cite has bakyn brede (to sell), the wich wantes in the weght of the ob. white life viij s. and more, werfore he has committid to ward be the maire.
And for as moch as thar (a) is sett (and apoyntid be the billes direct to the parishes) in the cite mo men to go at thys tyme with my lord of Gloucestr’ (mo men than than) to the (Sok) Skotes that C (f) be the noumbyr of xij persones, (wherfor) it is agreid be the hole counsell (of the cite) that in every ward thar shall be ij men menyshid (of every ward) be the wardens of every ward in soch parishons as tham semys (h) the best and most nedfull aftir the mony of every parishon broght to (thar) (the) wardenz. And own this that every archer shall have and tak for the day vj d. and ij d. (for) toward toward hys hors hyr, and every sowgher (a) shall be at Maudlandes chapill of Munday next comyng at ix of the clok afore my lord the mair and hys in thar best aray. Also it was commandid be the hole counsell to (blank) Snawball to be in hys awn person or anabill man for (hym defensable araid (to) with a hors (to atend upon the commonalte)) at Maudland chappell to atend apon the capten of the cite to the said (waag) viage to Skotland. And (thar) over that that Thomas Davyson shall at this viage be asociate as captan with the said John Brekynbery at the costes of chambyr of the cite and at hys home cumyng to have a reward thar for.
On 13 July 1482, the council discussedd the mustering of soldiers, their wages, and the selection of captains John Brakenbury and Thomas Davyson. The following letter, undoubtedly, reports those findings to the duke of Gloucester.
Ryght and myghti prince and our full gude and gracius lord, we your humble servauntes humbly recommandes us to your gude grace with all our servicez and thankes you of your gude and gracius lordship to us shewd her afore, and in especiall of that at wher we here afore promittid to our most drad suffreyn legh lord the kyng the nombr of vj archers to this viage now to be had in to Skotland, that it lyst your gude grace of your benevolens to concedyr the povert of thys pure cite to pardon us to the nombr of v skor archers an a capiten, the wich nombyr we have sent at thys tym with our gentilman and servaunt John Brakenbery and Thomas Davyson to atend apon your nobill person, to whom and to us we besek you to be as ye have beyn at all tyms gude and gracius lord and to doo your gracius commandment, both we and tha at all tymis shalbe ((rydy)) (ridde) (redy) to our powers be the grace of God, whom we besek to preserve your nobill person in thys your nobill yorney and all odyr. At York the xiiijth day of July.
To the ryght and myghti prince and our full gude and gracius lord the (ducere) duce of Glouceste, grete chamberleyn, constabill, admirall of Yngland and wardeyn of the west marches of Yngland ayanst Skotland
By your homble servauntes the maire and hys bredir, sheriffes and all the hole counsell of the cite of York
Quinto die mensis Augusti anno xxij Edwardi iiij
Mayor: Richard Yorke. 12: John Marshall, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Tong, William Welles, Robert Amyas. Sheriffs: John Harper ij d. because late, William White. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lightlop, Thomas Alayn, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Robert Hancock, Richard Clerk, John Hagg, Michael White, Richard Marston.
At the wich day it was agreid by all above writtyn that for as moch as the soghers of thys cite now beyng with my lord of Glowestir (in Skotland) beyn desolet of money (it) that a tax shall be rasid of the parishons of thys cite for vij days wages. That to be rasid of every parish aftir the rate (of the iiij pairt) as afore tha were sett.
John Hodlowe Also it is agreid be the counsell that if John Hodlow will gyve and pay to the behove of the chambyr xx li. that than he shalbe dischargid of the office of shyryff (and all odir officez in this cite) for ewyr, and les than xx li. tha willnot discharge hym of the said officez.
xx die Decembris anno xxij regni regis Edwardi iiijMayor: Richard Yorke. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: William Snawsell, William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Fereby, William Welles, William Todd. Sheriff: Miles Greybank. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Alayn, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Robert Hancock, John Harper, Michael White, Richard Marston.
At the wich day it was agreid by all above writtyn that all soch money as is in the handes of John Brakenbury and Thomas Davyson that remaynys unspent of soch money as was deliwyrd to (h) tham for thar exspensis in the viage now late made in to Skotland, shalbe gevyn to tham in reward for thar deligent service in the said viage at the instaunce of the right nobille prince my lord of Gloucestir, so that it be takyn for no precedent.
Also (it is agreid) that (a bill) putt in to the counsell be the holl craft of cappers for (certaine) certain ordinauncez of thar occupacion shall be registyr and enacid in the registir of the cite acordyng to the said bill for ewyr to be kept.
xx die Decembris anno xxij regni regis Edwardi iiij in Guihald civitatis
Mayor: Richard Yorke. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: William Snawsell, William Lam, Thomas Wrangwysh, John Fereby, William Welles, William Todd. Sheriff: Miles Greybank. 24: Thomas Catour, Henry Williamson, Thomas Scotton, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Robert Hancock, Michael White, Richard Marston.
At the wich day for asmoch as Henry Anok in Guthyrngate informed my lord the man that John Lam shold say of Fryday was a senyt that the sochers beyng furth in the (v) last viage made by my lord of Gloucestir gud grace, that the sochers of thys cite was ill worthi to have thar waghys, for tha dyd nothyng for it bot made whypsof thar bow strynges to dryve cariage with, and her abon the said Henry at thsy day examynd of the premisses awod the same a fore the hold counsell the said John Lam than beyng present and said John Lam denyd the said langage and said that he said not so, bot that he said that he hard sum of that ffelyship say that tha dyd nothyng els bot waitid apon the ordinauns and cariage and yoer that he hard one of the soghers say that he was so wery that he was fayn to take of the stryng of hys bow to dryve hys hors with.
Year of 1483
Memorandum that the xiiijth day of February in the xxijth yere of Kyng Edward the iiij come afore (t) John Marshall leutenaunt Robert Rede gyrdeler in to the counsell chamber with odir persons with hym, and than and thar shewyd whow that William Welles (cowper) shold report that the last day of Januari last past sityng at the ale at Eden Berys in Gothryngate (the) that one askynd and said emong the felliship sittyn at als, ‘Syrs, whom shall we have to owr mair thsy yere?’ Wher unto answerd and dais Stevyn Hoghson, (sirs) ‘Syrs, me thyng and it plees the communs I wold we had Maister Wrangysh, for he is the man my lord of Gloucestre will doo for’; and the said Rede says that the said William Welles reportes of hym that he shold awnswer and say thar to no, and said that if my lord Goucestir wold have hym mair the commons woldnot have hym mare; and here apon the said Welles sent for afore the said leutenaunt the xvth day of the said moneth, examend be the said leutenaunt of the premisses, said no, he said not so, bot he (said) says that the said Rede said and awnswerd the said Hoghson and said that myght not be, for the mair must be chosyn be the commonalty and not in ne lord. Wher apon the said Stevyn, Robert Jackson gyrdler, Thomas Pollow, Robert Shyrley, John Holme, John Kyng gyrdler, Thomas Nelson smyth, Hubard Brygges pynner, Thomas Wryght bocher, beyng a the said all hows in whose presents the langage that was said was said, be the said leutenaunt examynd, said that the langage of the said Rede was that (the said) my lord of Gloucestir woldnot be displesie whomsomewyr it pleasid to commons to chos for thar mare, and tha thar was the sayngs of the said Rede and no nodyr. Wherapon John Awnwyl examynd afor the said leutenaunt, said (the) that he hard the said Welles say that the said Rede said that yf my lord of Gloucestir wold have Maister Wrangysh mair that than (he) (it) shol not be, for he hard hym (sha) say that the mair shalnot be chosyn be no mare (sic).6 March
vjth the Marcii anno xxij Edwardi iiij Mayor: John Newton. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: John Marshall, William Snawsell, Richard York, Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allayn, William Chymney, John Lightlope, Robert Hancok, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, John Harper.
At the wich day it was agreid that my lord of Gloucestr’ gudes grace (blank) mayn brerd, vj galons redwywn Gaskwyn, jv pykes, vj techis, vj bremys, ij lampreys, and that the (x) aldermen shalbe in voilet and the xxiiij in blew.
xxiiij die Aprilis anno domini millesimo CCCClxxiij
Mayor: John Newton. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: John Marshall, William Snawsell, Thomas Wrangwish, John Fereby. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allayn, Thomas Scotton, John Lightlope, Robert Hancok, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Harper. Late: John Tong, William Todd, Alan Wilberfosse.
At the wich day it was agreid that John Braynbery esquier of the mairs shall ryd upp to London to attend apon my lordes of Gloucestir gude grace to labour to have a pardon of the kinges gude grace of l li. yerly of hys fre ferm so that soch persons as cumys to thys cite may he made toll free.
And over the thys the said day it was agreid that it shalbe lefull to John Gaunt to have a cowper to wyrk within hym eny thyng pay thar for to the cowpers (so that) to gyrth the barels of the said John Gaunt and of every odyr person so that the said John Gaunt ne odyr person that so haith a cowper wyrkyng within hym sell no barels.
Memorandum that the xiiijth day of the moneth of Jun in the ffurst yer of the reing of Kyng Edward the ffyfth, John Brakenbery, gentilman of the mairs at the mais, broght a lettyr from the gude grace of the my lord Goucestre, protectour and defensour of thys realme, to the mair, aldermen, shereffes and the commonalte of the cite of York, the tenour of the wich insuyth in the furm ffolowyng:
The duc of Gloucestre, brother and uncle of kyngs, protectour and defensoure, get chamberleyn, constable and admirall of of (sic) Englond
Right trusty and welbeloved we gretys you well, and wher by your lettres of supplicacion to us delyveryd by your servaunt John Brakenbery, we understand that by reason of your gref chargez that ye have had and sustenyd asweile in the defence of this realme ayanst the Scottes as other wyse, your worshippfull citie remanyth gretly poverte, for the which ye desir us to be gud mean unto the kynges grace for ane ese of such chargez as ye yerly bere and pay unto his (grace) highnesse, we lat you wit that for such gret materes and bysynessez as we now have to do for the wele and usefulnes of this realme, we as yit ne can have convenient leyser to accomplysh this your besnes, but be assured that for your kynd and luffyng dispicions to us at all tymez shewid which we ne can forget, we in gudly hast schall so indevour us for your ease in this behalve as that ye shall varaly understond we be your especiall gude and lovyng lord, as your said servaunte shall shew you, to whom it wull like you herin to gyf forther credence, and for his diligent service which he haith done to our synguler pleasour unto us at thys tyme, we pray you to (gy) geve (unto) (to) hym laude and thankis, and God kepe you. Yeven under our (syngnet) signet at the towr of London the (ff) vth day of Juyn.
To our right trusty and welebelovyd the mair, aldermen, (sherrefes) shereffes and communalte of the citie of York
The credence of wich lettre is (incomplete)
Memorandum the xvth day of Juyn in the furst yer of Kyng Edward the vth, Richard Ratclyff kynght delyvered to John Newton mair the citie of York a lettre from my lord of Gloucestre, the tenour of which insueth:
The duce of Gloucestre, broder and uncle kynges, protectour, defender, gret(e) chamberlayn, constabill and admirall of England
Right trusty and welbeloved, we grete you well, and as ye love the wele of us and the wele and surtie of your won selff, we hertely pray you to come unto us to London in all the diligence ye can possible, aftir the sight herof, with as mony as we can make defensibly arraied, thair to cide and assiste us ayanst the quene, his blode adherentttes and affinitie, which have (endendi) entended and daly doith intend to murder and utterly distroy us and our cousyn the duc of Bukkyngham and the old royall blode of this realme, and as it is now openly knowen by their subtile and dampnabill wais forcasted the same, and also the finall distruccion and disheryson of you and all odir thenheritourz and men of haner, as weile of the north parties as odir contrees that belongen us, as our trusty servaunt this berer shall mor at large shew you, to whom we pray you (gyf) credence, and as evyr we may do for you in tym commyng faille not byt hast you to us hidir. Yovyn under our signet at London the xth day of Juyn.
xv die Junii anno primo Edwardi quinti
Mayor: John Newton. 12: William Snawsell, Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, William Tod. Sheriff: Miles Greybank. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allayn, Henry Williamson, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, John Lightlope, Robert Hancok, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, William White.
At the wich day for as moch as my lord of Gloucestre gude grace (hath) (was) writtyn to the cite whow that the qwhen and hyr adherauntes intendyth to (distrew) hys gude grace and odir of the blod rial, it (is) agreid that that (sic) Thomas Wrangwish, William Welles, Robert Hancock, John Hag, Ricardus Marston and William White with CC horsemen defensably arayd shal ryd upp to London to asyst (upon) my said lord gude grace and to be at Pomfret at Wednesday at nyght next cumyng thar to atend upon my lord of Northumberland to go to my said lord of Gloucestre gude grace.16 June
xvj die Junii anno primo Edwardi quinti Mayor: John Newton. 12: William Snawsell, Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, William Tod. Sheriff: Miles Greybank. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allayn, Henry Williamson, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, John Lightlope, Robert Hancok, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, William White.
At the wich day it was agreid that thar shall (in every parish iiij assessours that thar) that thar (shall) go owt of the cite CC (men) and ow(t) of Aynsty C men, and that ther shalbe iiij assessourz in every parish and iiij colectors of the money and purveourz of hors, men and harnes with the constabilles, and that every sogher shall have xij d. of the day and that every socher shall pay for hys awn jaket.
xvij die mensis Junii anno primo Edwardi quinti
Mayor: John Newton. 12: William Snawsell, Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, William Tod. Sheriff: Miles Greybank. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allayn, Henry Williamson, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, John Lightlope, Robert Hancok, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, William White.
At the wich day it was agreid that every wardyn in hys ward shall bryng afore my lord the man at the Freyns (Tottz) (Mynoutz) all hys awn ward, that is to say one ward afore none and a nodir aftir (no) nune, to all the wardes have full aperid, and that the ij aldermen that shall be capteins shall have the parlement waghes and that every of the (iiij) captens of the xxiiij shall have xviij d. of the day for hym selff and xij d. for (the ma) hys man, (wher apon vj d. shalbe payd be the chambyr) and that odyr of the aldermen shal have (of) jakettes of sylk of the chambir cost and that every of the said (x) iiij of the xxiiij shall have jakettes of chamlet (and) of the chambyr cost. Also it is agreid that the captens shall have a spare hors of the cost of the chambyr.
Form of a proclamation made in the city 19 June 1483, in the following words:
proclamacio Richard, brodyr and unkill of kynges, duce of Glocestre, protectour, defendour, gret chamberlayn, constabill and admirall of Englond, streitly charges and commandes that all maner of men in their best defensabill araie incontenent aftir this proclamacion maide, do rise and com up to London to his highnes in the compeny of his cosyn the erle of Northumberland the lord Nevill and odir men of wirship by his highnes appoynte, ther to aid and assist hym to the subdewyng, correctyng and punysshing (and pu) of the qwhene, here blode, and thir hyr adherentes, which haith intendyd and dayly doith entend to murther and utterly distroi his roiall person, his cosyn the duke of Bukkyngham and other of old roiall blode of this realme, and also the nobill men of their companyes, and as it is noterby knawn by mony subtile and dampnabill ways fforcastyd the same, and also the speciall distruccion and disheryson of theynd and of all other thenheritourz and men or hancour, as weill for their north parties as of other contrees that belongen tham, and therofor in all deligence prepar your self and come up as ye love their honourz, weles and surties, and the surties of yourself and the common weile of this said realme.
xxj die mensis Junii anno primo Edwardi quinti post nonam
Mayor: John Newton. 12: Thomas Wrangwish, John Fereby, William Welles,William Tod. Sheriff: Miles Greybank. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Allayn, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, William White. Late: Robert Amyas, Thomas Allayn, William Chymney, Thomas Scotton, Robert Hancock.
At the wich day it was agreid that (a) (the) cunisaunce of my lord of Gloucestr’ shalbe barde and carid to Pountfret and (then) (that) the captens that shall (se) ryde in thys yorney shall se (and) the disposission and pleasour of my lord of Gloucestr’ and that thay cum to Powmfret every sogher of thys cite shall were the counsance to the cite and then if the captens of this cite thynk it to be doyn every socher of thys cite to were the conisaunez of the cite and also the counsauns of my said lord of Gloucestr’.
And over thyus notwithstandyng that at thys day that a supersedeas was direct to the sheryffes for the parlement so that it shalnot nede to ony citizen to go upp for the cite to the parlement; thys notwythstandyng it is agreid that the said Thomas Wrangwish and William Welles shalbe captens of the soghers for the said cite and that adir of them shall have iiij s. of the day.
Also it is agreid that (every) (yf a) man that is apoyntid to go forth as a socher and goys forths as a sogher shall bere (as) notwythstandyng hys goyng forth as much as he is assessed by the assessour of the parishon, and that in takyng of hys waghys as moch shalbe upon (hys wagez m) hys awn handes of hys waghys as the same (that was set to) amountys (that he w) to. And over thys it is agreid for as moch as the parishon of Saint Savourz is assessid to iiij men and that they be gretly impovryshid, it is agreid that they shalbe (rew) abaynt of ij men, and owyr thys that the standerdberer shall have in reward every day over hys waghis vj d. and that thar apon x s. shalbe delwyrd to hym in hand.
Be it knowne that we Richard by the grace of God king of England & of Fraunce & lord of Irland owe unto oure welbeloved subgiettes John Wellesine Henry Myndren and Richard Scott of oure citee of York and Hulle merchauntes an hundrethe poundes of money for certaine wynes of them boughte / Whiche we promitte to be paied to thaim at the Fest of Seint Michelle next commyng / Yevene under our signet at our Citte of Londone the xxviijth day of Juyne the first yere of oure Reigne
A like bille for William Gadeknappe Robert Houlle & Hugh (hol) Eland of Hulle & York merchauntes for certaine wynes of C li. & of like date & day of payment
xij die Julii anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
At the wich it was agreid that (my lord the man with) a certen of my maisterz the aldermen (that is to say William Snawsell, John Tong, John (blank)) shall ryde to Midlam to my lord the prince with a present, that is to say with vj syngettes, ij dusan rebetes, (blank) herynsewys, ij barell fferys of wyn and (blank) paynmayn.
At the wich day it was agreid that my lord the mair with William Snawsell, John Tong, John Fereby (and) Robert Amyas (to) aldermen and Thomas Asper gentilman, and as many of the xxiij (as will) shall ryd(e) to Midlam to my lord the prince with a present to my said lord the prince, that is to say with (blank) penyworth of payn mayn, ij barrell fferres (of wyn, one rede anodir white), vj syngnettes, vj herunsewys, ij dusan rabetes, (ij) and that they shall ryde apon the chambyr cost.
(Johannes Lythlop) Willemus Chymney, Alanus Wilberfosse, Willelmus Spence, Robertus Gyll, Willelmus Tayte, Ricardus Clerk, Michell White, Johannes Herper.
At this day the bill of John Brakynbery of hys costes made for rydyng to London and agayn shalbe to hym alowyd.
xix die mensis Julii anno regna regis Ricardi tercii primo
Mayor: John Newton. 12: Thomas Wrangwish, John Tong, John Fereby, Robert Amyas. Sheriff: Miles Greynbank. 24: Thomas Allayn, Henry Williamson, Robert Hancock, John Lightlop, William Chymney, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Alan Wilberfosse, Michael White, John Harper, William White.
At wich the day by all above writtyn it was agreid that for the greit labour that Thomas Asper as doon in rydyng to my lord the prince to Midlam with my lord the mair, that the said Asper shall have for hys reward to the said labour xiij s. iiij d.
Ultimo die Julii anno regni regis Ricardi tercii primo
Mayor: John Newton. 12:William Snawsell, Richard York, William Lam, John Fereby, Robert Amyas. Sheriff: Miles Greynbank. 24: Robert Gyll, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Harper.
At the wich day it was agreid that my lord the mair and all my maisterz the aldermen in skerlet and the xxiiij (blank) shall meit our suffreyn lord the (mair) kyng at Brekles Mylnys on horsbak.
Quarto die Augusti anno regni regis Ricardi tercii promi
Mayor: John Newton. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: Richard York, John Fereby, William Lam, John Tong, Robert Amyas. Sheriff: Miles Greynbank. 24: Thomas Allayn, John Lightlop, Wiliam Chymney,William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Alan Wilberfosse, Michael White, John Hagg.
At the wich day it was agreid by all above writyn that my lord the mair and all my maisterz hys breyr the (ar) aldermen in skarlet and all my maisterz of the xxiiij and the chamberlayns and all tho that have beyn chamberlayns and also all tho that (will) have boght owt thar charegez of all officez in thys cite, shall in reid gownys on horsbak meit our most dred lege lord the kyng at Brakles Mylnys, and over thys that the brygmastyrs and all odir that haith beyn brygmastryrs and all odir onest men of the cite shalbe in reid apon the pay(n) of xx s. to be forfaite and pay to the communaite of thys cite by every man doyng the contrary, and my lord the mair shall rays the forfaitz in that behalf apon the payn of xl s. to be forfate by hym to the communalte of thys cite (and thar and that ther servauntz/shalbe in blew) and that all odir persons of every occupacion in blew, violet and musterdivyles shall on fote meit our said sufferan lord at Saint Jams (day) chyrch.
Memorandum to send for Sir Henry Hudson, Ricardus Burges, parish clerke of Croux chyrch, Ricardus Standish parish clerk (of) Kryskyrk, Wilhelmus Hewet parish clerk of All Hallows, Wilhelmus Oylmyn parish clerk of (All Hallows) Belfray, Georgius Lovell (par) esquier of Saint Mare Abbey (and Henry Cunyng carver) to have thar advysez for a syght to be made at the kynges cumyng at Mykllyth Barr (How), Ousbryg and Stayngate.
Merchauntes of York and Hulle Richard by the grace of God king of England and of Fraunce and lord of Irland /To all Custumers (Compsellors) Comptrollers Serchieours kepers of portes/and alle maner othere oure officers liegemen and subgettes / aswele by see as by land and these oure letters forto see or here greting / We lat you wit that we havyng tenre respect and consideracione to the gret damage that oure welbeloved the merchauntes of oure Citee of York / and oure Towne of Kyngeston upon Hulle have borne and susteynede in sundry wises by the space of these yeres last past / not onely by the gret adventures and losses of diverse shippes charged with goodes and merchandises / but also now this last yere in theire voiage towardes Burdeaux / aswele by contrarioustee of wynde & wether as by the commaundement of oure derrest brothere of famous memorie Edward the iiijth late king whome god assoille were lette of theire said voiage / and so eversythen have taried inoure (havyn) havon of Plymouth / and theire have landed theire goodes & merchaundises to theire importable hurtes / have therfore of oure grace especialle and for theire Releef graunted and yeven licence unto oure trusty & welbeloved merchauntes Richard York and William Welles of oure said Citee of York Aldermen Robert Alcok Rauff Langtone Jamys Thomlynsone and William Bramptone of oure said Towne / That the said Shippes with alle theire goodes and merchaundises shalle departe and contynue theire voiage (and) to Burdeaux forsaid / And theire by them selff theire factors or attorneys discharge the same goodes / and to Recharge theire said Shippes and every of theym with alle maner wynes goodes or othere merchaundises at theire pleasure / and so to Retorne into this oure Royaulme / And acte statute or ordenaunce to the contrary had or made notwithstanding / Wherefore we wolle and charge you alle and every of you to suffre & permytte the said merchauntes theire factors or Attorneys forto execute (the) enjoie theffect of this oure licence without letting distorbaunce or interrupcion / As ye wolle advoid oure highe displeaure / Provided alweys that the Custumes and Subsides of the said wynes to us due be instely answerd as right requireth Yevene etc the vjth day of August Anno primp Ricardi iij
xj die Augusti anno regni regis Ricardi tercii primoMayor: John Newton. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: William Lam, John Tong, John Fereby. Sheriff: Miles Greynbank. 24: Thomas Allayn, William Chymney, William Tayte, William White. Late: Richard Marston.
At the wich day it was agreid by all above wryttyn that as for the syght at shall be made at (the) kynges gud grace cumyng, the costes that of shall be born of the chambyr and laid down by the chamberlayns.
xvj die Augusti anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: John Newton. 12: William Lam, Thomas Wrangwish, John Fereby. Sheriff: Miles Greynbank. 24: Thomas Allayn, William Chymney, Robert Hancock, Robert Gyll, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston. Late: John Marshall, John Tong, William Snawsell.
At the wich day it was agreid that Thomas Knows (draper) shall have undyr the common seall for x marcs hys discharge for every more of all maner of officez by hyn to be born in thys cite.
Also it was agreid that muy lord of Northumberland shalbe presentit with xij d. peniworth of payn mayn, ij pykes, iij greit roistyng els and iiij gallons of wyn of Gaskwyn.
And over thys it was agreid that my lord the mair and all my maisterz hys bredyr (shalbe) on horsbak in tyd (skarletes) skarlet gowyns shall mait our suffrey lord the kyng.
To my gud maisterz the mair, recorder, aldermen and sherreffs of the citie of York:
Ryght worshipfull sirs, I recommaunde me unto you as hertly as I can, and thanked be Jeshu the kinges grace is in good helth, and in lyke wyse the quenys grace, and in all their progresse have beyn worshipfully ressayved with pageantes and other etc, and hys lordes and juges in every place sittyng, determynyng the compleyntes of pore folkes with due punycion of offenders (against) hys lawes. The cause I writt to you now is for somoch as I veraly knawe the kinges mynde and entier affeccion that hys grace bereth towardes you and your worshipfull cite, for manyfold your kynde and lovyng deservynges to hys grace shewed hertofore, wich is grace will nevere forgete, and entendeth therfore so to do unto you that all the kynges that ever reigned upon you did never so moche, doubte not herof, ne make no maner peticion of desire of ony thing by highes to you to be graunted, but this I advyse you, as honorably as your wisdomes can imagyne, to ressayve hym and the quene at their (cum) commyng, dispose you to do aswell pageantes with soch good speches as can goodly, thys sort warnyng considered, be devised, and under such forme as Master Lancastre of the kynges counsell, this brynger, shall sumwhet advertise you of my (my) mynd in that behalve, as in hangyng the streites thorough wiche the kinges grace shall come with clothes of arras, tapistre werk and other, for ther commen many sothern lordes and men of worship with them, wich woll marke gretly your ressayving their graces. Me nedeth not thus to advise you, for I doubte not ye have provided therfore better than I can advyse you (howe) how be it on my (fath) ffeith I shewe you thus of good hert, and for the singuler zele and love that I bere to you and your citie, afore all other, ye shall (well) knowe that I shall not forbere calling on hys grace for your weales ne unremembre it, as Master Lancastre shall shewe you, wich in part hard the kinges grace speke heryn, to whom touching the premisses it may like you geve credence. Scribled in hast the xxiij day of August at Not(tingham) with the hande of your servaunt and hertly lover, John Kendale secretory.
xxvj die Augusti anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: John Newton. 12: John Marshall, William Snawsell, Thomas Wrangwish, William Welles, John Tong, John Fereby, William Tod. Sheriff: Miles Greynbank. 24: Thomas Allayn, Alan Wilberfosse, Thomas Scotton, Robert Hancock, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, John Harper, William White.
At the wich day it was agreid for asmoch as my lord of Northumberland gave C s. and v bukys to my lord the mair and hys bredir and to the sochers that late we at London with my said lord of Northumberland, and that at the cityng of the said bukys that was spent vj s. over the said C s., that the said vj shalbe paid to the chamberlayns.
(A hand is drawn in the left margin, pointing to this entry) Tadcaster And over thys it was agreid ffor asmoch as Thomas Peirson, one of the shyreffes, is so visit with seknes that he maynot ryde to meit (his) our suffreyn lord the kyng acordyng to hys dewty, that William White shall ryde in the place and stede of the said Thomas Peirson to Tadcastyr with Mils Greynbank, a nodir of the sheryffes, and bere a (rode) a fore the kyng as the said Thomas Peirson shold have done. And for as moch as the said Mils standes sheriff the said Myls shall ryd of the ryght hand.
xxviij die Augusti primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: John Newton. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: Richard York, William Lam, John Tong, John Fereby, William Tod. 24: John Lyghtlop, Henry Williamson, Thomas Scotton, John Hag, Michael White, John Harper, William White. Late: William Chymney, Richard Clerk, Robert Gyll. Absent: Thomas Neilson, John Gyliote, John Marshall, William Snawsell, Thomas Wrangwish, William Welles, Robert Amyas, Thomas Catour, Alan Wilberfosse, Robert Hancock, William Spence, William Tayte, Richard Marston.
At the wich day it was agreid that our suffreyn lord the king shalbe presentid at his comyng with (C) D marcs in a pare of baysyns of sylvyr gylt or in a (pare) cop of gold or in a gylt pees, and that our suffreynlady the qweyn shalbe presentid with C li, of gold in a pees; wher apon my lord the mair promised to lay down (xx) li. Maister Mietcalf the recorder C li., Maister York xl li., Maister Lam x li., Maister Tong xx li., Maister Fereby xx li., Maister Tod x li., (Thomas Allayn) Milo Grenbank vicecomes (blank), Thomas Allayn x li., (Henry Williamson) Willelmus Chymney x li., (Johannes Lyghtlop v li.), Henricus Williamson (v li.), Thomas Scotton v li., Johannes Hag (C s.), Michell White v li., Johannes Harper v li., Willelmus White x li., Ricardus Clerk x li., Robertus Gyll v li.
Also at thys day it was agreid that all foreyn bochers, ffyshers, ffyshemongers, poulterer and all odyr that brynges witell to sell in (to) thys cite shall have free sayle thar of with owt thyng payng for toll or ony odir maner of charge.
Thes ffeliyng ar the names of them that hath laid down the som of the present and gyft to our soferayn lord the (ke) king and the queyn at that furst comyng to thys cite made:
(Each name preceded by ‘resolutus’ (paid) where sum mentioned)
Johannes Newton, Maior, xx li. in ryals
Milo Meitcalf, Recorder C li.
Thomas Neilson, xiij li. in ryals and vij li. in aungels
Johannes Gylote, xxx li. in aungels
Johannes Marshall, xx li. in aungels
Willelmus Snawsell, v li. in aungels, Sponer
Ricardus York, xl li. in aungels
Willelmus Lambe, x li., wherupon in ryals iiij li. in aungels vj li.
Thomas Wrangwysh, x li. in ryals, Sponer
Johannes Tong, (xx li.), xix li in ryals
Johannes Fereby, xx li. in ryals
Willelmus Welles, x li. in aungels, Sponer
Willelmus Todd, x li. in ryals
Thomas Peirson, (x li.) v li. in aungels
Thomas Catour, (xx li.) viij in ryals
Johannes Lyghtlope, v li., wherof in ryals xl s., in aungesls iij li.
Thomsa Alleyn, x li. in ryals, wherof iiij of tham ar venyd ij
Henricus Williamson, v li. in aungels
Willelmus Chymney, x li. in ryals
Alanus Wilberfosse, v li. in aungels
Thomas Scotton, v li. in aungels, re(solutus?) Sponer
Robert us Hancock, x li. in (a) ryals
Robert us Gyll, v li. iij li. in ryals, xl s. in aungels
Ricardus Clerk, x li. in aungels
Johannes Hagg, v li. xl s. in ryals, and iij li. in aungels
Michell White, (xl s.) v li. in ryals
Johannes Herper, v li. in aungels
Willelmus White, x li. in aungels
Magister Nicoles Lancastyr, xxli. in ryals, Nicholson
Secundo die Sptembrys anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii ad communam aulam
Mayor: John Newton. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: William Snawsell, Richard York, William Lam, Robert Amyas. 24: John Lyghtlop, Henry Williamson, Alan Wilberfosse, Richard Marston, John Harper, William White.
At wich thys day it was agreid by all above writyn that for the grete labourz that Maister Kendall had had to our suffrey lord the kyng for the wele of thys cite, that the said Maister Kendall shall have a reward of a skarlet gown or of a chamlet gown.
Also the same day it was agried that the Creid play shall be playd afore our sufferyn lord the kyng of Sunday next cumyng apon the cost of the most onest men of every parish in thys cite.
vj die Septembris anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: John Newton. 12: Richard York, John Tong, John Fereby, Robert Amyas. Sheriff: Miles Greynbank. 24: John Lyghtlop, John Hag, Michael White, Richard Marston, John Harper, William White. Late: Thomas Wrangwish, William Tod, Miles Metcalf, Thomas Catour.
At the wich day it was agreid that for the honour of thys cit that all my maisterz the aldermen and all the xxiij shalbe with my lord the mair to attend apon the kynges gude grace to morou at seyng of the Creid play (and at a steward shalbe made emung them to pruve for tham and every man shall pay clyk, that is to say as moch he that is away as he is thar).
Wishing therefore to display in the North, where he had spent most of his time previously, the superior royal rank, which he acquired for himself in this manner, as dililgently as possible, he left the royal city of London and passing through Windsor, Oxford and Coventry came at length to York. There, on a day appointed from the repetition of his crowning in the metropolitan church, he presented his only son, Edward, whom, that that same day, he had created prince of Wales with the insignia of the gold wand and the wreath….17 Sept
Gift that King Richard gave to the city of York and to its mayor, in the year 1483
Wevers of York to paie an Annualle fee Richard etc. To the Shereffes of this oure Citee of York and tothere deputies at Ansty that now bene / and that hereaftre shalbe and to every of theim greting / Whereas it hathe bene shewed unto us on the behalves the wevers of oure said citee/ that all maner persones using that occupacione within the suburbes procincte of the Fraunchises and libertees of the same /have been accustumed to be contributories of the Annuelle Rent of C s. that they yerely doo yeld unto us in oure Eschequere / and that the wevers dwelling within the said Ansty being within the procincte and libertee of oure said Citee/Refresen to here theire porcione of the said Annuelle rent contrarie to the privalage fo the same oure Citee as it is said /we willing the good constitucion Custumes and ordenaunces used within oure said Citee observed and kept/disire you and nathelesse charge you that in dire exercising of the same and in leveing the said annuelle Rent ye geve unto theim youre lawfulle favors and assistences in alle tymes as the casshalle require / Not failling hereof As oure trust is in you / and as ye wolle do us pleasure Yevene etc the xxiijth day of Septembre anno primo
xiij die Octobre anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: John Newton. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: John Marshall, William Lam, Thomas Wrangwish, Richard York, John Tong, William Tod, Robert Amyas. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lyghtlop, Thomas Allayn, Henry Williamson, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, William Spence, Robert Gyll, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, John Hag, Michael White, Richard Marston, John Harper, William White.
At thys day John Oter brought a lettyr from our suffreyn lord the kyng, the tenour wherof (was) is that the deuce of Bukyngham tratitorously contrary to hys legiaunce is turnyd ayanst our said lord kyng, wherof our said sufferyn lord by hys said writyng willes (the) my lord the mair and hys bredir and the communalte that with as mayny persons on horsbak defensably arayd as tha (shall) (may) gudly make, shalbe with hys said gude grace at (Lacyt) Lacestre the xxj day of this present moneth, wher aon (and) at thys day it was agreid by all above writtyn that ther (shalbe) be (sic) (CC) as (many) (may) persons sent up at thys season at the costes of the parishons as was at the last season, and that Thomas Wrangwysh ald(erman) shalbe capteyn and that tha shall have in thar pursis for the waghys of xx days, and over thys that Richard Marston and William White shalbe as capitens (a) with the my (sic) said Maister Wrangwysh.
Memorandum that the xiij day of the moneth of Octobir in the ffurst yere of the reing of King Richard the thyrd, John Otyr yoman of the crown broght a lettyr to my lord the mair, aldermen, shireffes and commonalite of thys citie of your York.
By the king
Trusty and ryght welbeloved we grete you wele, and lete you wite that the duc of Bukingham traitorously is (turnd) turned upon us contrary to the duele of hys ligeance and entendeth the utter distruccion of us, you (all) and all othre oure true (subge) subgiettes that have taken our part whos traiterous entent we will Goddes grace entende briefly to resist and subdue; we desire and pray you in our hertly wise that ye woll send un to us asmany men defensibley arraied on horsbak as ye may godely make to our towne of (la) Leicestre the xxi day of thys present moneth withouten faile as ye tendre our honneour and your owne wele; and we shall so see to you for your reward and charges as ye shall hold you wele content, (gevno) gevyng ferther credence to our trusty servaunt this berer. Yeven under our signet at our citie of Lincoln the xjth daie of Octobre.
To our trusty and right welbeloved the maire, aldermen, shireffes and commonalte of our citie of York.
Memorandum that the xvi day of the moneth of Octobre in the furst yere of the reing of King Richard that thyrd a prive seal was direct to my lord the mair, my maisterz hys bredir, and the sherffes of this citie, the tenour wherof insuyth:
By the king
prive seall to proclaim the duc of Bukingham tratour Trusty and welbeloved we grete you wele, and woll and strately charge you that in all suche placez within oure citie of York as to you shalbe thought most expedient ye do make open and solemne proclamacions in forme folowing: For asmoche as the king our soverayn lord Richard the therd by the grace of God king of England and of Fraunce and lord of Irland understandeth for certan that the duc of Bukingham traitoursly is turned upon hym contrarie the duetie of hys liegeaunce and entendeth the utter distruccion of our said soverayn lord, the subversion of hys reyume and thutter disheriting of all hys trus liege peple, oure said soverayn lord therfore considering the wele and suerte of hys royall persone, the tranquillite and peas of hys said royume and subgettes, taketh and reputeth the said duc as hys rebell and traitour and chargeth and commaundeth all hys true subiegettes so to take hym. Also our said soverayn lord chargeth and upon peyne of deth commaundeth that no maner persone of what astate, degre or condicion he be, at the commaundment or desire or the said duc or any other in hys name (arre) arreise, assemble or make any maner commocion otherwyse than accordeth with our said soverayn lord lawes and peas, but that they and every of them be redy to attende upon our said soverayn lord or suche as he shall comaunde they for the repressyng and subduyng of the traitour entent and purpos of the said duc; and over thys oure said soverayn lord straitly chargeth and commaundeth that no maner persone whatsoever he be in any wise attempt or presume to robbe, spoil or hurt any of the tenauntz, officers or other persone belonging to the said duc, his rebell and traitour, so that they reise not ne make commocion or assembles of hys subgettes ayenst his peas; and if the said dukes tenaunts, (officeris) officers or other do then they to be taken as the kinges ennemys and traitours, not ffailling in publisshing thys our commaundement as our singuler trusts in you. Yeven under our prive seale at our citie of Lincolne the xvj day of Octobre the first yere of oure reigne.
xvj die Octobris anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: John Newton. 12: William Snawsell, William Welles, Thomas Wrangwish, Robert Amyas. 24: Thomas Scotton, William Chymney, Alan Wilberfosse, William Tayte, John Hag, Michael White, William White. Late: Thomas Catour, Richard Clerk, Miles Greynbank.
At thys day it was agreid by all above writtyn that the captayn shall have in hys ours (to be) deliwyrd (be) to hym by the chamberleyns for the wiage that now is to be made to the kinges gude grace xx li.; and owyr this it is agreid that the standard bere shall have for hys labour of the beryng of the standard xx s.
xj die Decembris anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: John Newton. 12: William Snawsell, John Fereby, William Welles, Thomas Wrangwish, Robert Amyas. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lyghtlop, Thomas Allayn, Thomas Scotton, William Spence, William Tayte, Richard Marston, John Hag, Michael White, John Harper, William White. Late: Richard Clerk.
(R)to Sir Henry Hudson for the shew: reward of Master Wranwysh etc. At thys day it was agreid by all above writtyn fthat Sir Henry Hudson shall have for hys labour abowt the syght of the shew made to our (sovere) lord the kyng xl s. And over thys it was agreid that for the grete labor Master Wrangwysh, Richard Marston and William White have had in the yorney late med with our severeyn lord the kyng, that the said Mater Wrangwysh shall have for hys labour lx(iiij) s. (viij d.) and (adir) (echion) for the said Richard and William xxx s.
Year of 1484
Edward Coppingdale & to othere merchaunts of York Richard by the grace of God king of England and of Fraunce and lord of Irland To all Maires Shireffes Ballieffes Constables Custumers Comptrollers Sercheors kepars of poortes and alle othre oure Officers true liegemen and subgiettes to whom thise oure lettres shalle come and to every of theim greting. We late you wite that we of oure grace especialle have licenced and by thise presentes geve plaine licence to oure welbeloved subgiettes Edmond Coppingdale of oure Towne of Hulle merchuant William Todde John Beverlley and Thomas Fawneby of oure City of York merchauntes that they by theim self theire factours or Attorneys shal mowe doo lade and charge in any oure poort or poortes within this oure Royaulme of England the Ship called the Trynite Coppyngdale of the portage of CCC tonnes or undre with almaner of merchandises. To oure Staple of Calais not apperteyning. And the same Ship soo laden and furnysshed with maister and competent maryners for the suretie and guyding thereof to doo sende and convey to Island and in any poorte or Creke there at theire choise and libertie to utter and distribute the said merchandises and there to recharge and lade the said shippe with almanere merchandises and fromthense to doo being and conveye the same into this oure said Royalume. And soo to passe and repasse as often as it shal please the said Edmond William John and Thomas by the space of oon hole yere next and immediately ensuying the date therof. Any act ordenaunce or statute made to the contrary therof notwithanstanding / provided alwey that of al the custumes and subsides whiche by reason of the said merchandises shal growe due unto us we be truly answerd from tyme to tyme as righte is. Wherefire we wol and straitly charge you alle and every of you as it shal apperteigne to permytte and suffre the forsaid persones theire factors and attorneys to use and enoiye this oure present oiucence according to the verrey effect and pourport of the same in every behalf without any manere lette molestacion disturbance or impediment As ye and every of you entende to please us and answere unto us at youre uttermost perilles in that partie Yeven etc the xviij day of Fevrier Anno primo
xvij die marcii anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: Thomas Wrangwysh. Recorder: Miles (Greynbank) Metcalf). 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, John Newton, William Todd. Sheriffs: Richard Hardsang, William Barker. 24: Thomas Catour, William Chymney, Thomas Scotton, William Spence, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hag, Michael White, William White, Miles Greynbank. Late: Robert Gyll, John Harper.
(R)Folio faded and torn along top and right edge with loss of 1-5 words as noted…memorandum of the hospital of Saint (Nicholas) to clos in a (ch) growd cald
…At the wich day the lettyr of our soverein lord the kyng, by the (c) wich our said sovereign disirid to have a loc belong to the hospital of Saint Nicholas, the wich is common from (the fest of) Saint Michell to Candellmes, to have it closid (and severall) to the behove of the said ospital, apon the wich wrytyng it was agreid by all above writtyn for the (plesourz) plesour of the king eh shall have hys desir, (and for) if the commons will agre to the same.
And (our) owyr thys it is agreid by all above wryttyn whow be it that it is (agreid) ordeyn that no prentes shall have avantage of the ordinaunce late made in the tym of Master York, bot yf he cum in within the tym of hys preteshod and pay iiij s. acordyng to the said ordinaunce and odyr iiij s. with in viij wekes next attir, he cum owt of hys prenteshode, that for diwyrs concedetacions at thys day it is ordenid that that prentes that trewly has served hys terms or prenteshod yf he will at ony tym after he be owt of hys prentyshod pay the vj s. to the (w) vele of the communalte and (aftir) offisourz acordyng to the ordinaunce, that for the said vj s. he shall be fre (whow be it that he comnot in with in the said terme).
Uppon the which writyng shewed unto the commons of the cite oppinly in the common hall the xvj day of March in the furst yere of the reign of our soverane lord the kyng, it was agred by Thomas Wrangwysh then beyng mair and all the hold commonalte of this cite that frome hencefforth for the pleaser of the said soverain lord the king, sufficient writyng shalbe maid under the common seall of the said cite to the maister of the said hospitale and his successours that he and his successors shall have and hold the said close severally at all tymes of the yere forevere. Wherupon writyng was maid to the said maister of the said (cite) (hospitale) and his succesours in forme ensuyng.
Sir John Savage Richard etc To oure trusty and righte welbeloved knighte for oure body Sir William Stanley Chambreleyn of oure Countie palatyn of Chestre or to his depute there greting / Where as oure trusty knighte Sir John Savage had by lettres patentes of the graunt of oure derrest brothere late king whome god assoille an annuyte of xl marcs paiable during the lyff of the said Sir John of the Fee ferme of oure Citee of York by the handes of the Shereffes of the same for the tyme being / as in the said lettres patentes is conteyned more at large / It is soo that now of late at oure being in oure said Citee for gret causes us specialy moving We have disposed the said Fee ferme asweele to the Releef & socouring of the said Citee as otherwise / So that the said annuite ne may be paiable there / and understanding that at the Fest of seint Michelle now text commyng / there shalbe due unto him of the said anniute xx markes for the halff yere that is to wit from the Fest of Pasche last past unto the said Fest of Seint Michelle / We wolle & charge you that of suche oure money as is in youre handes or next & furst shalle come to the same by reasone of youre said office Ye pay & content unto the said Sir John xx markes in satisfaccione & contentacione of the othere xcx marcs abovespecified / receiving of him his lettres of acquitaunces requisities in that behalve / The which and thise signed with oure hande we wolle shalbe therein youre sufficient warraunt / And that by the same ye shalle have therof before oure Auditors due allowaunce in youre accomptes yeven etc
Vicessimo quarto die Junii anno primo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Tarde venientes Thomas Wrangwysh maior, quia non venit ad horam per ipsum lenutatam veniendum ad concilium, solvit ijjj denarios.
Johannes Fereby, ij d.
Nichaolaus Loncastre, ij d.
Robertus Hancock, ij d.
Willelmus Snawsell, ij d.
Willelmus Lam, ij d.
Willelmus Barker, viccomes ij d.
Thomas Catour, ij d.
Johannes Lithlop, ij d.
Johannes Harper, ij d.
William Tate, ij d.
Latecomers Mayor Thomas Wtangwysh paid 4 d. because he did not com by the hour he set down for coming to the council. Latecomers find 2 d. each as indicated.
Thomas Wrangwysh mair and all aldermen with the xxiiij assemblid in the council chambyr the xxiiij day of June anno ut supra:
Yt was assented and agreed that the said maire should where and declair unto the kynges highness yeff his grace mowed unto the mair for thelleccion of any man to be elect into thoffice of the common clerk of this cite of York, that the said mair sall shew unto the kynges highness, that who som ever by his grace sabe named that the same may be abydin and resident upon the said office for the common weil of the forsaid citie.21 July
xxj die Julii anno secundo regni regis Ricardi tercii Mayor: Thomas Wrangwysh. 12: Richard York, William Chymney, John Tong, John Fereby, Robert Amyas, John Newton, Robert Hancock. Sheriff: William Barker. 24: John Scotton, John Hag, Thomas Alleyn, Michael White, John Harper, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Thomas Sponer, William White, Miles Greynbank.
clothe and lead Memorandum that upon a lettre from the kynges highnesse directed unto the maier and his brethre at his commaundement in the same, the said maier and his said brethre with the hole councell of the chaumbre and by thassent and consent of all the hole commaunaltie of (this) cite ar aggreed that every merchaunte or othere man being fre man of this citie that bies eny lede shall makefor every ij fodre of lede by hyn or thaym to be solde oon hold cloth of whit or othere colour or colourz upon his or thair owne propre costes within the said cite and franchiez of the same undre the peyne of forteure for every fodre of lede xx s. the oon half therof the fynder and the othere half to the use of the cite, and that every such course cloth called packyng ware shalbe perfitly made in length and breed, that is to say xxviij yerdes in length at the leest and in breed ij yerdes.
And also that every wever shall take no lesse stuff of yerne to every cloth of the said course clothes then vj dosen weght of yerne at the leest, and as for othere cuttyng clothes to be putt into every cloth overe this at the will of the awner so that the said cuttyng cloth and clothes conteyne in and kepe in length xxiiij yerdes at the leest wett and shorne and in breed ij yerdes full.
Also it is agreid that all such clothes as is above writen keping and conteynyng in length and breed as above perfytly made according to the same shalbe sealed with a seal of the cite perfeynyng to the chambre.
And overe that is agreed that every wever, walker, spynenere, carder, and kemster that lyves by eny of the said labours shalbe duely and truly content and paied in redy money and in no ware but at the pleasure of the pore labourer or labourer, and if eny of the said merchauntez or cloth makers be founden defectyve herin, he or thay shall forfete for every ij d., oon peny therof to the pore persone compleynyng hym or hyr unto the maier for the tyme beyng, and the othre to the use of the cite.
Also it is agreid that every spynnere and carder shall receyve for a spynnyng pounde ij wax poundes and a quattron of woll, takyng for every such spynnyng pounde of course wol for packing ware ij d. redy money as is afore reherced at the leest and and for every pounde spynnyng of woll for cuttyng cloth, as the awner and the spynnere can aggre.
Also it is ordeynd and aggreed that every wever shall delivere to every persone his owe stuff and not to mell nor chaunge oon stuff of yerne with an othere upon the peyne of xl s. as oft tymes or thay shalbe founden defective herin or in eny braunch of untrouth bilonging to the said wevers, the oon half therof to the chaumbre and the othere half to these and protyte of the said craft. And he or thay that shalbe founden defectyve shall not wirk upon occupacion of wevyng unto the tyme that the said xl s. be fully paied in manere and fourme above writen for the ffurst default. And if eny wever within this citie, liberties and precynetes of the same offend and be lawfully proved defective and attaynted by two tymes, the said offendaunt shall pay othere xl s. in the manere and fourme above writen and lese his fraunchies for evermore, and nevere affre to wirk of the said misteree or craft for hym silf not with noon other persone of the said craft within the said citie liberties and precynetes of the same.
Also it is ordeynd by thauctorite above said that noon inhabitaunt citizin within the said citie or liberties of the same shall make or cause to be made eny wollen cloth to be weved or walked in eny othere place or places without this citie and libertiez of the same, undre the peyn of fforfature of the same cloth or clothez so wrought, to the common wele of this citie.
Also it was ordeynd by the said auctoritee that every walker shall walke the said cloth and clothes sufficiently thrughout the same cloth and clothes so that thay be aswele walked in oon place as in an othere and wroght with dede handils as apperteyneth; the same to be serched with iiij true, honeste persones (to be chosin by the maire for the tyme being) from tyme to tyme, the said iiij persones to be chosen by the maire for the tyme being and by the said craft, the said serchours to have sufficient auctoritee and power to seise and present the said cloth or clothez to the maire and chamberleynes for the tyme being. And if eny walker inhabitaunt within this said citie, libertiez and precynctes of the same be founded defectyve contrary to this ordinaunces, (he) shall for the furst default forfayte xl s., the oon half therof to the common use of thie citie and the othere half to the craft. And if eny walker be founden defective eftsones for the secund default to seise all his goodes and nevere affir to be suffred to occupie in his said craft nowthre with hym silf ne with noon othere personne within this said citie ne the libertiez of the same. And also that the said persones lymeted to serche the said walkyng shall have a seale or token that all and every cloth and clothes made and to be made within this said citie and libertiez of the same may be knowen for good and sufficient cloth or clothez. And if eny foreyner bryng cloth into this citie to sell of thar own making, that they shal lawfully bye and sell the said cloth or clothez as thair merchaunt and thay can aggre, provided always that the said cloth or clothez be not named ne reputed as cloth or clothez of this citie, but thay to have a difference for the draperie of this citie evedently to be knowen aswele beyonde the see as on this side (of) the see.
Also it is ordeynd by thauctoritee above said that walkers inhabitaunt within this said citie, liberties and and (sic) fraunchisez of the same shall receyve no cloth from the wevyng by theym to be walked of no lesse stuff then vj dozen for every hole cloth, so that thesaid walker or walkers may sufficiently made therof, walke and delivere to the awners a sufficient hold cloth of xxviij yerdes in length and ij yerdes of breed unwett and unshorne, accordyng to the statutes of the lawe therof made. And that every walker (walke every) of the said clothez duely and truly thurghout so that there be no default founded therin in oon place more then an othere, upon the peyne of xl s., to be forfait, payed and levyed as is above said.
Also it is ordeynde and enacted by thauctorite above saide that no sherman shall wap ne fold no cloth to be sold as hole cloth but if it be wele and sufficiently woven and walked throught in every place therof and kepe the full length of xxviij yerdes and ij yerdes in breed, upon the peyn of xl s. to be forfayt by the sherman therin founden defectyve, the oon half to be payed to the use of the communaltie and the othere half therof to the said craft.
to serche cloths Also it was ordeyned, establisshed and enacted by the said auctoritie that the forsaide iiij persones chosen to occupie the serch, survene and mesuring of the forsaide draperie shalbe sworne before the maire and chaumbreleyns foe the tyme being duely and truly to occupie without any favour yeven to eny persone more oon then an othere, nor no cloth nor clothes seal but if thay be truly drapered, holding thair true length and breed accordyng to the ordaunce above writen, for the said serch, survene (and), mesouring and sealing of every hold cloth j d. and of every half ob. to by the awners, sellers of the same; and if eny of the forsaid iiij, ij or j so assigned to occupie the seal as is beforesaid be founden and proved that thay or eny of theim sett the forsaid seal to eny hold clothe or clothez or to eny half cloth or clothes, not keping length and breed accordyng to this ordynaunce, to forfait for every hole cloth xl s. and for every half cloth xx s. asl oft tymez as thay or eny of thaym be founde giltie therof, and he and thay that shalbe founden defectyve nevere aftre to occupie ne mynstre the said seale, and to (be) reputed and taken as a man dishonoured and perjured for evermore.
Also it is ordeyned and established by thauctorite abovesaid that if the maire of this citie for the tyme being exicut not ne livie the peynes and forfaites comprised for the sure keping of afore made ordinaunce so that they be shewed and presented and proved in due manere fourme unto hyme, and (it) therupon (to) levye (not) the said paynes and fortfaytes or els to commytt the offenders to prison, there to abide unto the tyme that thay have founden sufficient suretie for the payment of the said peynes and forfeturs, the said maire to forfayt as off as he is founden defectyve lx s., to be deducte of his fee by the handes to the chaumbreleyns for the tyme being, and hit to be employed to the use of the citie.
Commissione for the buylding at York A Commissione directed unto Maistre Robert Bothe deane of York Sir Richard Ratcliff Thomas Wrangwych & frere William Bewik / to take alle maner werkemen for the hasty expedicione of the kinges werkes within the Castelle of York and alle maner stuff that shalbe thoughte requisite for the said werke etc Yevene at Pountefreit the xxiijth day of Juylle Anno secundo
Die Sabbati xxiiij die Julii
This day was the proclamacion her(a)ftre ensuyng proclaymed within the citie of York by the mayer and the shirrifes of the same undre the tourme filowing (in) iiij generall places of the citie:
The mayer and the shiriffes of the citie chargez and straytly commaundez in the kynges name our sovereyn lorde by his especeal comaundement that from nowe forth no manere of persone ne persones bye ne brog no woll within this citie, fraunchiezez or othere place adioynyng therunto, exept such persones as shall drapere the said woll into cloth within this said citie and the libertiez of the same, undre the payne of forfayture of (the) same woll as oft tymes as he or thay shall offende in the same; and overe this that no manere of man, (c) citizen or inhabitaunt of the said citie or of Aynstye from hence forth rise nor go owt of the citie to make eny affray, assaute or assemblie or do eny riotouse thing for eny (mans) mannes pleasere or comaundement without he or thay be comaundet by the maire or shirrifes for the tyme being, exept that he go with his mastre or landeslord to do the kyng service when his said mastre or landeslord shalbe comaunded by the kyng or by the said maire or shirrifes in the kynges name and noon otherewise upon the peyne of imprisonment, ther to remayne and abide unto such tyme as (he) or thay shalbe delivert by the kynges especial comaundement.
Memorandum that the xviij day of Septembre in the secund yere of the reigne of King Richard the third in the counsaill chambre upon Ouse brig before Thomas Wrangwysse maire of the citie of York, oone Kateryne the wife of Lambert Tymondson of York mercer personally appering, shewing the kinges (lettres) patentes under brode seale(s) of England; graunted unto the said Lambert to be the kinges tru ligeman, the which lettres the said Kateryne instantly required the said maire to see and serch and after register the same for the more record therof, the tenour wherof herafter foloweth:
Richard, by the grace of God king of England etc., greetings to all these letters reach. Know that we of our special grace grant to Lambert Tymanson, hailing from Holland, that he be a denizen and our liege subject and that of our heirs, and that he be dealt with and considered and treated as our faithful liege subject hailing form our realm of England, and in no other way, and that Lambert be within our jurisdiction for all actions real or personal, in pleading or responding to pleas, in defending himself, just as we do all our faithful liege subjects who are born in our realm. Lambert, under the colour and strength of these statues, will not be force to pay or give any customs, subsidies, taxes, tributes, or tallages except what is borne by our subjects born within this realm. He is able to enjoy all liberties, franchises and privileges freely, quietly and peacefully within our realm as do our native lieges, and conduct himself without obstruction, bother, impediment or harm by us, our heirs, our justices, escheators, sheriffs, or any other officer or minister of us or our heirs, without fine or fee, Lambert is made our liege man in lot and scot. Witnessed by me at Westminster, 12 December 1483. Letters patent under the privy seal on the aforesaid date, by the authority of parliament and for 20 s. paid into the hanaper. (Subscribed) (Curtas)
By the kyng littera regis Trusty and welbeloved we grete you wele, lating you witt that grevous complaynt hath be made unto us on the bihalve or our pouere subject Kateryn Bassingbourne of an iniurie to be doon unto hir by oon Henry Faucet as by a bill of supplicacion which (we) sende unto you herin enclosed more at (lrage) large it appereth; wherfore we willing in that bihalve thadministration of justice wherunto we be professed and also trustyng in your wisdome ande indifferency, wol and desire you that ye takynge the contentes of the (said) bill in due and mature examinacion wol calling the parties before you set such fynall dureccion in the same as shall accorde with our lawez and good concience as our especial trust is in you. Yeven undre our signet at our castell of Notingham the xviij day of Septembre. To our trusty and welbeloved the mair of the cytie of York.
Wherupon the partiez above named were called in to the councell chambre afore Thomas Wrangwysh then maire of the citie of Yorke and his brethre aldremen with the common councell of the same citie.
Die Veneris viij die Octobris anno secundo regni regis Ricardi tercii
Mayor: Thomas Wrangwysh. 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, William Welles, Robert Amyas, Doctor (Nicholas) Loncastre, Robert Hancock, Thomas Scotton. 24: Thomas Catour, William Spence, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, William White, Miles Greynbank, William Barker.
Wer assembled in the counsell chambre upon Ouse brig and than and there it was aggreed that a lettre shuld be made and sent to Master Kendall the kynges secretary and unto Master Robert Percy countroller of the royall houshold unto our said soverayn lorde the kyng, desiring tham (in) right hertly wise to be good, favourable and tendre masters unto us anenste the kynges good grace for the foresaid assembley, wherof a copie remayneth upon a fyle within the said chaumbre. And Doctor Loncastre rode the same (daye) to the kyng (by thassent of the said councell) for thexcuse of the said assembley and to knowe the kynges pleasure in the same. And also an othere lettre (was directed) to my lorde of Lyncolne for semblable cause, copie wherof remayeth as above. Mayor: Thomas Wrangwysh. 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, John Fereby, William Welles, Robert Amyas, Doctor (Nicholas) Loncastre, Robert Hancock, Thomas Scotton, John Harper. 24: Thomas Catour, William Spence, William Tayte, Richard Clerk, Richard Marston, John Hagg, Michael White, William White, Miles Greynbank, William Barker. Sheriffs: John Giliot, Thomas Lynch.
Wer assembled in the common hall (of the citie of York) where and when were also assembled the substance of the hold body of the (said) citie; the same daye, tyme and place cam Mastre Robert Percy countroller of the kynges houshold from the kynges highnesse with ij lettres from the same, the oon directed and by the said Master Percy delivert unto the mair, aldermen and shirrifes of (the said citie) of Yorke, and the othere directed and delivert by the same unto the comons of the said citie with credence upon the same lettres (u) aswele unto the said maire, (sh) aldermen, shirriffes as unto the said comons of the said citie, the which credence (was) uttred by the said countroller was much aftre the for(m) fyllowing (my l):
My lorde maire, the kyng hath comaunded me to shewe unto you and unto all your brethre that he is gretley displeased towardes you that ye have suffred the comons of this citie (to be such) riotouse rule and disposicion (as thay have been oft but late) seying (th) that his highnesse hath putt you in awctoritie, strength and power to rule according to his lawez and the lawdable customez of the said citie. Wherunto the said man answerd and said that he was july sorrowfull of the kynges displeasere as semblablie be all his brethre, how be it the said mair said that he hade no manere of knowledge of that assemble but as sone as he had knowlage therof he (to) toke diverse of them and sett them in prison (etc.), there to remayne and abide unto the said mair have knowlage of the kynges pleasere in that bihalve.
And also the credence unto the comons uttred by the said countroller was (uttred) much aftre fourme folowing:
common pasture The kyng our sorereyn lord that comaundet me to shew unto you that his grace is and hath been glad and wele willed that ye (and every of you) shude have and enjoy aswele all and every parcell of comon pastur as every othere thing to you of right apperteynyng, due or of auncient tyme accustomed as evere was eny prince that reyned upon you; yit neverthelesse his highnesse taketh a grete and grevouse displeasere that ye or eny of you withoute thassent, concesent and advice of the maire shuld take upon you to attayne or recovere your right, tytle (or entresse) which ye have or in eny wise might or shuld have in eny manere bihalve at your owne hande, by eny suche senystre, unsitting, unlawfull and riotouse assembly or insurrection, not shewing afore your said enterest, clayme or tytle unto the maire and his brethre to whome his said highnesse hath commytted the rule, governaunce and correction of and (in) every matere concernyng the the (sic) citie (and within the) ffraunchisez, libertez and the boundez of the same, of whom if ye had not had a lawfull remedy in that bihalve the kynges said highnesse thyketh that then ye shuld have shewed (your) maier and gref unto my lorde of Lyncolne or unto my lorde of Northumberland, where (of if) and of whome if ye couth (not) have founde lawfull redresse (then) the kyng thynkes ye shuld have shewed your said grevez and wrongez unto his said highnesse, where ye shuld have had convenyent refourmacion and redresse in every bihalve according to right and consience, wherefore his highnesse is gretely displeased towardes you and how it wol please his (said) highnesse to dele forthre in the premyssez I am not in certentee.
Item the same tyme incontinent aftre thies wordes uttred by the said countroller, the said comons by the handez of Roger Laton in the name of them all delivert a bill of compleynt unpon the said maire unto the said countroller (which bill was) of shuch thinges as thay (forde) theim greved in anest the (maire) said maire (whom thay wolde have put in defaut of all the premissez), the which bill was by the same Roger Laton openlye redde in the said common hall furth with; wherunto and unto every article within the same bill comprised, the said maire immediatye (answered) full worshipfully, sadlye and discretely answerd, so that the said countroller ne noon othere wele advised, indifferent (man) couth fynde in the maire noo manere of defaute, but in every poynt layde his lawfull excuse and disproved the said bill in every article and poynt therof.
By the kyng
To oure trusty and welbeloved the maire and aldermen of our citie of York
Copie of the kynges lettres direct to the maire and his brether for thescuse of Master Haryngton Trusty and welbeloved we grete you wele, where our trusty and welbeloved servaunt master John Haryngton your common clerc of thexecucion of his office of commune clerc forsaid hath made supplicacion unto us for our especaill licence to have be yevene unto hyme t come unto you at this tyme, soo it is that for certain urgent causes we have not graunt the said licence unto our said servaunt, but the same have differd unto after Cristmasse, at which tyme he shall with our full good pleaser resort unto oure citie there, wherfore we desire and hertly pray you to be in the meane tyme content with his absence, trusting verily that he being with (you) (us) shall doo unto you right acceptable pleasure and service and we shalbe the rather inclined for his sake to be unto you and our citie there good and gracious souverain lord in any your resonable requestes to be maid unto us herafter. Yeven undre our signet at our palois of Westm(inster) the vth day of Decembre. Mayor: Thomas Wrangwysh. Counsellor: Thomas Aspar. 12: William Snawsell, John Fereby, Robert Amyas, Nicholas Loncastre, Robert Hancock, Thomas Scotton, John Harper. Sheriffs: John Giliot, Thomas Lynch. 24: Thomas Catour, John Lightlop, Richard Clerk, Michael White, William White, Miles Greynbank, Richard Hardsang,William Barker.
Wer assembled in the counsaill chambre whete there wasopnyd and red iij lettres, oone from the kynges grace by the which he desirith the mayre and aldermen and his brethre to for bere and discharge Master Richard Latomer, clerc of the chapitour, of any office bering within this citie; an othre from therle of Lincolne disiring in like wise the mayre and his brethren to discharge Master Thomas Wharf of any office bering within this citie; the iij from the said erle for the tranquillitie, peas and rest to be had at thelleccion of the mayre upon Saint Blase day; which contentes of the said lettres, duly considerd by the said mayre, aldermen and his brether it was determyned that at the contemplacion of the kinges lettres and the said erle the forsaid Master Richard and Master Thomas shuld be spared for this yere commyng of any office bering within this citie, notwithstanding it was thoght by the said counsaill that the maire shuld common with theme both to wit what they wold yeve to the common welle for there discharge.
copie Trusty and welbeloved we grete you wele. And where it is soo that diverse sedicous and evil disposed personnes both in our citie of London and elleswher within this our realme, enforce themselves daily to sowe sede of noise and disclaundre agaynest our persone and ayenst many of the lordes and astates of our land to abuse the multitude of our sujgiettes and averte ther my des from us, if they coude by any meane atteyne to that ther mischevous entent and purposes, some by setting up of billes, some be messages and sending furth of false and abhominable langage and lyes, some by bold and presumptous open spech and communication oon with othre, wherthurgh the innocent people whiche wold live in rest and peas and truly undre our obbeissance, as they oght to doo, bene gretely abused and oft tymes put in daungier of ther lives, landes and goodes as ofte as they folowe the steppes and devises of the said sedicous and mischevous persones to our grete heynesses and pitie; for remidie wherof and to thentent the troth opinlye declared shold represse all suche false and contrived invencions, we now of late called before us the maire and aldermen of our citie of London togidder with the moost sadde and discrete persones of the same citie in grete nombre, being present many of the lordes spirituel and temporel of our land, and the substance of all our housland to whome we largely shewed our true entent and mynd in all suche thinges as the said noise and disclaundre renne upon in suche wise as we doubt not all wel disposed personnes were and be therwith right wele content; where we also at the same tyme gafe straitly in charge aswell to the said maire as to all othre our officers servauntes and feithfull subgeittes whersoever they be, that fromhensfurth as oft as they find any persone speking of us or any othre lord or estate of this our land othrewise than is according to honour, trouth and the peas and ristfulnesse of this our realme, or telling of tales and tidinges wherby the people might be stird to commocions and unlaufull assembles, or any strif and debate arrise betwene lord and lord or us and any of the lordes and estates of this our land, they take and arrest the same persone unto the tyme he have he broght furth hyme or they of whom he understode that that is spoken and so proceeding from oon to othre upon the tyme the furnisher, auctor and maker of the said sedicous speche and langage be taken and punyshed according to his desertes, and that whosoever furst finde any sedicious bille set up in any place he take it downe and without reding or shewing the same to any othre person bring it furthwith unto us or some of the lordes or othre of our counsaill; all which directions, charges and commaundementes soo by us taken and yeven by our mouthe en our (mouth) citie of London we notifie unto you by thies out lettres to thentent that ye shewe the same within all the places of your jurisdiction and see there the due execucion of the same from tyme to tyme as ye woll eschewe our grevous indignacion and answere unto us at your extreme peril. Yevene undre our signet at our citie of London the vth day of Aprill.
…it was determined that John Sponer, sergeant to the mace, should ride to Nottingham to the king's grace, to understand his pleasure as in sending up any of his subjects within this city to his grace for the subduing of his enemies late arrived in the parts of Wales or otherwise as it shall be disposed at his most high pleasure.
Veneris post festum Assumpeionis etc., videlicet xix die Augusti
Mayor: Nicholas Lancastre. 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, William Chymney, William Wells, Robert Hancock. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Alan, William Tayte, William Spense, Michael White, Richard Clerk, John Hag, William White, Miles Grenebank, Richard Hardsang.
We assembled in the counsaill chambre were and when it was determyned upon the report of John Nicolson which was commen home from the kinges grace fro Beskwood that iiij men of the citie defensible arrayed, John Hastinges gentilman to the mase being capitayn, shuld in al hast possible depart towardes the kinges grace for the subduyng of his ennemyes forsaid, wherapon evere parish in the citie was sessid as it appereth herafter. And that eevere sogiour shuld have x s. for x days being forth, xij d. by day. And also that the counsaill shuld have x s. for x days after none the same day at the Yeld Hall ther to poynt such personnes as shuld men as shuld (sic) take wages and ther to receve the same.
…it was determined…that 80 men of the city, defensibly arrayed, John Hastings, gentleman to the mace, being captain, should in all haste possible depart towards the king's grace for the subduing of his enemies...
On Monday, namely 22 August 1485, at Redemore beside Leicester there was a battle between our lord king Richard III and various of his nobles on the one side, and Henry earl of Richmond and various of his nobles on the other side. In this battle the said King Richard in the third year of his reign, John duke of Norfolk, Lord Walter Deveres, Lord de Ferez, Sir Richard Ratcliff, and Sir Robert Brankanbury, the lord king at Sandeferth beside Leicester, and still other in the same field, with many other nobles, knights, squires, and gentlemen were killed, etc.
Martes vigilia Sanctu Barthomomei videficet xxiij die Augusti anno etc., vacat regalis partas
Mayor: Nicholas Loncastre. 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, William Welles, William Chymney, Sheriff: Thomas Fynche. 24: John Lightlope, Thomas Alan, William Spense, William Tayte, Richard Clere, John Hagg, Michael White, William White, Miles Grenebank, Richard Hardsang.
Wer assembled in the counsaill chambre where and when it was shewed by diverse personnes and especially by John Sponer sent unto the feld of Redemore to bring tidinges frome the same to the citie, that King Richard late mercifully reigning upon us was thrugh great treason of the duc of Northfolk and many othres that turned ayenst hyme, with many othre lordes and nobilles of this north parties was pitiously slane and murdred to the gret hevynesse of this citie, the names of whome foloweth herafter.
Wherfor it was determind for somoch as it was said that therle of Northumberland was commen to Wressil, that a lettre shuld be consaved unto the said erle, beseking hyme to yeve unto them his best advise how to dispose them at this wofull season, both to his honour and worship and well and proufitt of this citie, the tenour wherfor foloweth herafter:
copie Right prepotent and right noble our most honourable, especiall and singler good lord in our moost humble wise we recommend us unto your good lordship, loving almightie God of your home cummyng at this wofull season, beseching your good lordship to be towards us and this citie as ye have be hertofore right good and tendre lord and soo to advertise us at this tyme as may be to the honour of your lordship, the well and proufitt of us and sauffegard of this said citie, wherunto, we shall applie us both with bodie and goodes and ever to owe unto your lordship our faithfull hertes and true service. Further we besech your lordship to yeve full faith and credence unto our servaunt John Nicolson the bere herof in such thinges as he shall shewe unto your lordship of our behalve, and the blessed trinitie etc.
Your etc., maire, aldermen, shereffes, xxiijth of the counsaill of the citie of York with thole cummunaltie of the same
To etc., therle of Northumberland
Copia proclamantionis Henrice regis Anglie VII.
Henry by the grace of God, king of England, and of France, prince of Wales, and lord of Irland strictly charges and commaundeth upon peyne of deth, that no manner of man robbe nor spoyle na manner of commons comyng from the feld; but suffre them to passe home to ther cuntrees and dwelling places with their horses and harnesse. And morover that noo manner of man take upon hym go goe to noo gentilmanz place neither in the cuntree nor within cities nor borows, nor pike no quarells for old or new matters, but kepe the kings peace upon peyne of hanging, etc. And morover if ther be any man affered to be robbed and spoyled of his goods, let hym come to Master Richard Borow, the king’s sergeant here, and he shall have a warrant for his bodie and his goods, unto the tyme the king’s pleasure be knowne. And morover the king assertayneth you, that Richard duc of Gloucestre, late calling king Richard, was slayne at a place called Sandeford, within the shyre of Leicestre, and brought dede of the feld unto the towne of Leicestre, and there was laide oppenly that every man might se and luke upon him. And also ther was slayne uppon the same feld John late duc of Norfolk, John late erle of Lincoln, Thomas late erle of Surrey, Fraunceys vicount Lovell, Sir Walter Devers, Lord Ferreres, Richard Ratcliff knight, Robert Brachenbury knight, with many othyr knights, squires, and gentilmen, of whose soules God have mercy.
After which proclamation made, the said mayre and his brethre comyng to the chambre agayn, determined that the said harold for his message and comforthable words shuld have in reward of the chambre vi. marks iiii. aungells.
Sabbati, videlicet xxvii die Augusti anno regni regis Henrice septimi primo incipiens.
Mayor: Thomas Lancastre, etc. No 5.
We assembled in the counsaill chambre, when and wher oon Robert Rawdon gentilman, sergeant unto the kinges grace personally appered and gave unto the maire and the counsaill a commandement and warrant under the kinges signet and signe manual to him direct to attached Robert (Stillington) bishop of Bath, and Sir Richard Ratcliff knight, and to bring them personaly unto his highnesse and to sease into his hands all their goods, moveable, and immoveable, as it appereth more at large in the warrant, wherof the tenor wherof followeth herafter. Wherupon the said Rawdon instantly desired the said maire and sheriffs on the kinges behalve as his true liege men and subgetts that in thexecution of his said warrant they wold geve ther attendaunce, aid and assistence. Wherin after som consultation upon the same, for so moch as the said bishop was attached tofore by oon herald Wyndsore and Robert Borow gentilman, the kinges servants, and broght unto the citie and lay within the franchesse and liberty of the same, and was sore crased by reason of his trouble and carying, the maire taking with hym the above written of the counsaill fo the chambre the said Rawdon and Rob(ert) Borow, instantly prepared to go to the said bishop to Master Neleson place; to speke with him; being come unto hym the said place where and when it was appointed to the consent of the said Rawdon, that the said bishop shuld continue still within the said citie for iv. or v. days for his ease and rest. The tenor of the warrante foloweth:
Henry by the grace of God, king of England, and of Fraunce, and lord of Irland, to our trust and wel-beloved Robert Rawdon gentleman, greting. For as moch as Robert bishop of Bath and Sir Richard Ratcliff knight, adherents and assistents to our gret enemy Richard late duc of Gloucestre, to his aide and assistance, have by deverse ways offended agenst the crowne to us of right appurteyneyng, we will and charge you and by this our warrant and geve you power to attache the said bishop and knight, and them personaly bring unto us, and to sease into our hands all such goods, moveables and immoveables as the xxii day of August the first year of our reigne appurteyned and belonged unto them whersoever they be found, as well in places privileged as elleswhere, and the same soo seased to put into such suerte and savegard as ye will answer to us for them at all tymes. Chargyng morever, and strictly commundying all our true subgettes and legemen that to thexecution herof they geve you attendaunce, aide, and assistence, without doeing of any thyng that shall be prejudicial to the premisses, as they will avoyde our grievous displeasure and answer unto us at their peril.
Geven undre our signet at our towne of Leicestre the xxiii day of August, the first yere of our reign.
Veneris post festum Sancti Wilfridi videlicet xiiij die Octobus anno domini Mccclxxxv
Mayor: Nicholas Loncastre. Recorder: Miles Metcalf. 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, William Welles, Robert Amyas, William Chymney. 24: Thomas Catour, Thomas Alan, William Spense, William Tayte, Richard Clere, John Hagg, Miles Grenebank, Richard Hardsang.
We assembled in the counsaill chambre where and when it was determyned that (where) (if) John Gilyot and Tomas Lynche late shereffes of this citie (hat) which hathe paid and content unto the chamberleyns now being xxx li. of lawfull Ynglish money, parcell of lx li. graunted in fee unto the said citie by the most famous prince of blissed memory King Richard late decesid, to be percyved by the handes of sheruffes of the said citie for the tyme being yerely in the festes of Pentecost and Michaelmesse for the terme of the (said) Michaelmesse last past, be troubled, vexed or at any tyme herafter the said somme of xxx li. be by any sute laufull oute of the kinges eschequour or othre wise by the kinges commaundement of the said John and Thomas recoverd, that then the mayre (above writyn), aldermen and othre of the xxiii above writtyn byndes theme by this present act subscribed with their names, that the chamberleyns herafter for the tyme being shall repay the said somme of xxx li. unto the said John and Thomas, all delay and excuse seysing.
(Signed) Thomas Wrangwysh, Nicholas Loncastre, John Tonge, Robert Amyas, William Chymny, John Gyllyot, Richard Clerk, Richard Hardsang, John Agg, Miles Grenebank (plus various X marks)1 May
John Penley & Thomas Canceler John Penley and Thomas Canceler have a commission to thofficers fermors and tenauntes of the Manoirs lordships landes & tenauntes belonging to the lord Morley, the manoirs & lordships of Halyngbury Walkehorne Bukestone Hingham and the hundred of Faroughe oonly except to content unto theim theire Rentes and duties as Receyvors of the same (whiche) Whereof they to (take) employe and delyver yerely ijCl marces for the buylding of the colleige of Windesore and C marces to my lady of Suffolk for thexhibicion of the said lord Morley and his wif Yeven at Yorke the furst day of May anno primo
Nicholas Spycer hathe a warrant directed unto hiim to delyver unto the Bailliefes and Burgesses of Breknok the score poundes of the fee ferme of the same Towne whiche the king hathe geven unto theim towardes the making of the walles of the same Towne Yeven at York the xiijth day of May Anno primo
Frere Bewik Richard etc To all maner oure officers liegemen and subgiettes thiese for to see or here greting Forsomuche as we of the trust and confidence that we have in oure welbiloved frere William Bewik have made and ordeigned him surveior of oure werkes and buldinges within oure place of the freres Augstyns in oure Cite of York and by thiese presentes have yeven him power and auctorite in oure name aswele for to take bye and porveie almanere stones Tymbre yrene plaistre and other stuf requiste & necessarye for the same within oure woddes and grounde & elleswhere as for to take fro tyme to tyme behovefull almaner of masons Carpenters Smythes and other werkmen except suche as be otherwise reteigned in oure werkes and service and also alle maner Cariages as Cartes waynes and other suche as by his discrecion shalbe thoght at any tyme (epe) expedient to the preferring and performyng of oure said werkes for oure resonable money and at oure price We therfor wol and charge youe alle and every of you that in due execucione of the premisses ye be unto hime or any othre by hyme deputed or auctorized theraboutes helping favoring assisting and obeiyng as it shalle apperteygne according to theffect herof As ye wol advoide oure displeasure and answere unto us at youre perill / Yeven etc at York the xxiiijth day of Juyne Anno primo
Agnes Cowper Richard etc To oure trusty and welbiloved the Receivor of oure lordship of Middelham that now is or that for the tyme shalbe greting We late youe wite that we of oure grace especialle for diverse consideracions us moveing have yeven and graunted unto oure welbiloved Agnes Cowper wydoe an Annuel rent of fourty shillinges to be perceived yerely during hir lif of thissues and revenues commyng and growing of oure said lordshippe by youre handes at the festes of seint Michelle Tharkaungelle and Estre by even porcions Wherfor we wol and charge youe that according to oure pleaure in this partie ye from yere to yere at the same festes content and pay unto hir the said Annuel rent of xl s. without any maner of difficulte or contradiccione receivyng therupone from tyme (hir) to tyme hir sufficaunt lettres of acquitance rehersing the particuler paymentes that ye shal so make by the whiche and these oure lettres we wol ye have (therf) therof due allowaunce at youre accomptes top be yoldene before oure Auditors at all tymes Yevene etc at York the xxvth day of Juyne Anno primo
John Taillor hathe a Commissione directed to the Customes Collectors Comptrollers Sercheors and al othere officers within the poortes of Pole Excestre Dertmouthe Plymouthe Fowey and Briggewater to suffree him to bye and selle almanere merchandises and to freighte the same there notwithstanding any statute to the contrary made for that he is supervisor of alle the said poortes without any interupcion etc Yeven etc at York the xxvth day of Juyne Anno primo
Thabbot of Fountaynes A Commission directed to Sir William Gascoigne knighte Nicholas Leventhorpe squier Miles Metcalf Thomas Midiltone and Richard Danby which the king by his lettres of Commission charged them for thequereof and upon certain differences betwix the kinges tenauntes of Knaresburghe and thabbot and Convent of Fontaynes and their tenauntes for the right and title of certain grounde boundyng upon the said Forest / Charging to procede to the same in goodly hast Yevene etc at York the xx day of Juylle Anno primo
31 August By the kingWe wolle & charge you to deliver unto the bringere hereof for us thise parcelles folowing that it to say First one doublet of purpille satayne lyned with holand clothe and entrelyned with Buske one doublet of Tawney sattayne lyned in likewise / ij short gownes of Cremsyne clothe of gold that one with droppis & that othere with nettes lyned with grene velvet / one cloke with a cape violet ingraned the bothe lyned with (violett) blak velvet / oone Stomagere of purpille sattayne / one Stomachere of Tawney sattayne / oone gowne of grene velvet lyned with tawney sattayne / one verde & iij quartes corse of silke medled with gold & asmoche blak corse of silke for oure spures / ij yerdes & a halff & iij naylles of white cloth of gold for a Crynerire for a Barde / fyve yerdes of black velvet for lynyng of a gowne of grene sattayne / one plakcard made of part of the said ij yerdes and oon halff and ij nayles of white cloth of gold lyned with bukeram / iij paire of Sporres short alle gilt / ij paire of spurres long white parcelle gilt / ij yerdes of blak bokeram for amending of the lynyng of diverse trappors / oone Banere of Sarcenet of oure lady / one Banere of the Trinite / one banere of Seint George / one banere of Seint Edward / one of sent Cuthbert / one of oure owne Armes alle sarcenet / iij Cotes of Armes betyne with fyne gold for oure owne persone / fyve Cote Armors for heraultes lyned with bukeram / xl trumpet baners of sarcenet / (DCClx) DCClx penselles of Bokeram / CCCl penselles of Tarteryn / iiij Standerdes of sarcenet with bores / iiij M Quynysans of fustyane with bores / And thise oure lettres etc yevene etc at York the last day of August the first yere of oure Reigne
To Piers Curteys
8 Sept Richard etc. to all etc. greting. Since it is the office of princes and kings, befitting their rank and magnificence, to show munificence and libertality and to adorn with honours those who serve them faithfully or desire to serve them, especially on days and solemn festivals on which it has been the custom to do the like, therefore, since you, the nobleman Geoffrey de Sasiola, emissary and ambassador of the most serene lady, our very dear kinswoman, the Queen of Spain, and counsellor in her service, were sent to us as ambassador and were present at the solemn feast and creation of our dearly beloved firstborn son Edward as Prince, and since you devote yourself to the service of the saidmost serene lady the queen and to ours, and faithfully desire and work for good peace and consideration between us, out of regard for the said most serene lady the queen our very dear kinswoman and in honour of so great a feast and on account of the love and affection we bear you and because we know you to be of noble birth, we create and make you a knight and decorate you with the honour of knighthood by the bestowal of the golden collar which we set on your neck and by the threefold stroke of the blade of our sword on your shoulders with fitting words and by the other insignia we are accustomed to use in such ceremonies. We desire you to use the said knighthood and our insignia both within our realm and in any regions and lands outside it as a royal gift given to you for honour and glory. In witness wherof we command that these our letters patent under our privy seal be given to you, which were drawn up in the city of York in the royal palace in the presence of the lords spiritual and temporal of the king's court on the occasion of the creation of the said serene Prince Edward on the nativity of the blessed Virgin Mary, the eighth day of the month of September in the year of the Lord 1483 and the first year of our reign
To the most reverend father and lord in Christ, Sir Peter de Mendoca, cardinal of the holy cross in Jerusalem and archbishop of Toledo, our very dear cousin, primate of Spain.
Most reverend father in Christ and very dear cousin, after due commendations and best wishes; Sir Gaufridius de Sassiola, the honourable ambassador of her serene highness the Queen of Castile, Aragon, Leon and Sicily etc., our very dear cousin, caused us great pleasure when, having explained to us prudently and seriously the sum of his mission, he informed us also of your unimpaired and singular benevolence towards us. At this we greatly rejoiced and will take every care within our power to ensure that you, most reverend father, will not repent of your great good will towards us. We earnestly pray that it may continue, and as that the business for which that ambassador came, and which is not unknown to you, can be brought to a successful conclusion we have sent that nobleman Bernard de la Forssa our counsellor and ambassador to the most serene princes the King and Queen of Spain. We ask you, most reverend father, that the said Bernard shall not lack your industry and support in the execution of these things. We have ordered him to treat with your paternity and take your advise on every thing touching this business and we desire that you will trust him in this matter. We most warmly commend both the said Bernard and the business he is to perform there to you, most reverend father, and we wish you long and happy life and death. From our city of York, 9 September 1483.
Like letters to the bishop of Palentino.
To the most serene prince Elizabeth, by the grace of God, Queen of Castile, Aragon, Leon and Sicily, etc., our dearest cousin; Richard, by the same grace King of England and France and lord of Ireland etc., commendation and increased happiness and fortune. Gaufridius de Sassiola, your ambassador, brought us the letters of your serene highness, and also diligently and carefully explained the matters committed to him which have much pleased us. And we cannot easily express our happiness that your sublime highness, most desirous of Christian peace and not unmindful of the necessarily which is between us, wishes to restore, and confirm even more strongly, the formerly broken treaties between the princes of your kingdom and of England. We and our kingdom give great thanks for your singular kindness and we promise we shall be more than ready if any opportunity arises to be of service to your sublime highness. To carry out of those affairs of common interest, for which your ambassador was sent hither, we have sent to your serene highness our dear counsellor and ambassador, the nobleman Bernard de la Forsa, and we most strongly pray you also that you will vouchsafe to give him ready access and full confidence as if to us ourselves. This will be especially welcome and acceptable to us. And may your same serene highness live and flourish long and happily, and we strongly commend to you ourselves and the said Bernard, and everything he will do. From our city of York the 9th day of September 1483.
To the Earl of Haro,
Illustrious and magnificent duke, our very dear cousin, our commendation and the granting of your desires etc. We have sent to the most serene princes the King and Queen of Spain, our very dear cousins, that nobleman Bernard de la Forssa our counsellor and ambassador to treat of, and God helping, being to due conclusion, that business which the distinguished knight, Sir Gaufridius de Sassiola, the most eloquent ambassador of her serene highness the Queen of Spain, our very dear cousin, explained to us in her name which we hope will be of benefit to us and both our countries. In order that you may not be ignorant of that business we have commanded the same Bernard de la Forssa whom you know well to communicate all these matters to you. We ask you, dearest cousin, to take no less care in our business than you did formerly in the business of our brother of noble memory. We would hesitate to impose this burden on your excellency, especially as no merits of ours deserve it, had not the aforesaid spokesmen encouraged us and undertaken that all we write should be welcome to you. If we can do anything for your glory and honour, we promise we are ready and willing to do it. May you live long and happily, illustrious and magnificent duke, dearest kinsman. We commend ourselves and the said Bernard repeatedly to you, and desire you to give credence to him in these matters. From our city of York, the tenth day of September, 1483.
Like letter to the earl of Leryn
To the most serene and powerful prince Ferdinand by the grace of God King of Castile Leon Aragon and Sicily etc., our very dear cousin, Richard by the grace of God etc. sends warmest greeting. We have thought fit to send to your serence highness the noble and prudent Bernard de la Forssa, our most faithful counsellor. He is to show your serene lady the queen of Spain, your most virtuous consort and our dearest cousin, which Sir Gaufridius, a very brave knight and a most eloquent ambassador of the queen, reported to us fully and learnedly in her name. We ask you with great earnestness to hear him with clemency and benevolence and to give credence to what he tells you your serene highness in our lettres. Moreover, if your serence highness seeks anything from us that we can do in this, we will gladly do it; and may your serene highness live long and happily. At York 12th September, 1483.
To the most serene lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queen of Castile Leon Aragon and Sicily etc. and our very dear cousin, Richard by the same grace etc. sends warmest greeting. The lettres of your serene highness, which were very sweet and pleasant to us, were delivered to us sometime ago by Sir Gaufridius de Sassiola knight, ambassador of your serene highness, who explained them soberly and prudently in your name, all of which we heard with joy and gladness, for in all parts of his embassy he showed outstandingly your highness's wonderful benevolence towards us, which he said could scarcely be put into words. For this we give your highness great thanks, the greatest we can possibly give. In case there is anything in all power that we can do for your highness to achieve a happy and auspicious outcome to this very great business, for the completion of which of highness's spokesman came hither, we sent to your highness Bernard de Laforssa our counsellor and ambassador on the matters we have entrusted to him. In order that he may easily make a request to your highness in our name, we beg you urgently to hear him and give him credence. And if there is anything that your highness desires us to do in this matter, we most readily promise to do it. Let your highness be persuaded that we are ever most desirous of your honour and praise; and may your highness ever proper. At York, 12th September, 1483.
Edward prince of Wales Duc of Cornwaille and Erle of Chestre Furstbegotten son of the right high & mighti prince Richard the iij by the grace ogf god King of England & of Fraunce and lord of Irland. To alle the knightes squiers gentils officers fermoures tenauntes & Reseantes within oure principalite in North Wales thise oure lettres forto see or here greting / Forsomuche as we at the commaundement of oure said most dread lord and Fadere / and by thadvise of the lords of his Counselle / have ordeigned & assigned oure righte trusty & (welbeloved) righte entierly beloved Cousyne the duc of Bukkingham and suche othere Commissioners as by his discrescione shalbe deputed and appointed forto take & Receive alle maner youre attendaunces Reconnnisances ortallages now unto us due and accustumed amonges you and the dayes of payment of the same Recognysances or tallages to appointe and prefix you and alle othere thinges to doo & execute in oure name aftere the custume of oure principalite of Wales and the cuntre there of olde tyme had & used / We therefore wolle and charge you alle & every of you that unto oure said Cousyne and Commissioners soo by him appoynted at a certaine day and place by theim unto you to be prefixed by duelly make before them youre said attendaunce & Recoigisaunces / over that doyng & payng youre tallages to us due and paiable in that behalve and alle othere thinges according to the said olde usages without failling as ye entende to advoid my said lordes displeasure and oures Yeven etc at York the xvjth day of Septembre the first yere of my said lordes Reigne
Richard by the grace of God king of England and of Fraunce and lord if Irland, to the shrieffes of this our cite of Yorke and to their deputies at Ansty that nowe been and that herafter shalbe and to every of them greting. Where as it hath been shewed unto us on the behalve of the wevers of our said cite that almaner of weavers using that occupacion within the suburbes precincte of the frauncheses and liberties of the save (have to been accustomed) to be contributories of the annuell rent of C s. that they yerely doo yeld unto us in our Eschequer (land) that the wevers dwelling within the said Ansty being within the precincte and liberties of our said citie refuse to bere their porcion of the said annuel rent contrary to the privilege of the same our cite as it is said, we willing the good constitucions, custumes and ordenaunces used within our lord cite to be observed and kept, desir you and nathelesse wol and charge you that in due exercising of the same and in leveing the said annuell rent ye geve unto them your lawful favor and assistences at all tymes as the case shall require, not fayling herof as our trust is in you and as ye wol doo us pleasuer. Yeven undre oure signet at our cite of Yorke the xixth day of September, the ffirst yere of oure reigne.
John Bracanrig A warrant to the Receivor of the landes & renementes lieng in York to paye to the said John Fyve marks yerely during his lif / and also the king hath graunted to the same John for terme of his lif and hous in York lieng at the corner hous at Dropelane / and the vicare Rent in Petre gate/
To the (Shireffes) Tresone and Barons of Theschequiere to discharge Thomas Pereson and Miles Grenebank late Shereffes of the Cite of York of the summes of xxv li. parcelle of the fee ferme of the said Citee and lxiij s. iiij d. the Buchere penys and of xx li. By theim paid to the Chambreleyns of the said Citee / and ix li. ij s. vj d. to John Newton Maire of the said Citte etc
John Paynter one of the kinges serieaunt at Armes by the day (fro) from the first day of August last past for terme of his lyff / of the ferme or issues & profits of the subside & ulnage of the cloth in the Countie & Citee of York & in the Towne of Hulle
To the Maire & (his B) Citizens of York the king hath graunted lx li. yerely of the Fee ferme of the said Citee & to theire successors for ever / and also have graunted unto the said Maire & his successors to be chieff serieaunt of Armes / and for (thexersic) thexercising of that office to have xviij li. v s. yerely / and also the king hath remitted & released aswelle to the said maire & his successors / as to the Shireff there & his successors alle the residue of the said fee ferme without any accompt (th) making or any other thing therof yelding
Mair & citizens of York hath a prive seale directed to the tresorer and barons of theschequier for their discharge of the paiement of Clx the fee ferme of their Towne unto suche tyme as they otherwise in commaundement
Richard Hardsang and William Barker late Shireffs of Yorke have a prive seale to the Tresourere and Chambrelains to entre in theire bokes the some of lx li. ix s. x d. and to make therupon a taille of Solle of the same some of thissues fo the bailliwick which the king hathe geven to theim
Year of 148417 February
Mylis Metcalfe hathe a warrant directed to the receivor & baily of the lordshippes of Skampston and Rellington in Yorkshire to pay unto him twenty poundes for money lent to the king at York yeven etc the xvijth day of February Anno ij
Grant made to the master, brothers, and sisters of the hospital of Saint Nicholas that they be allowed to hold the field called Northfield as their own, etc.
this grant cancelled at the request of King Richard III at the behest of the residents of York; it was given back to the king and cancelled by him. (Signed) J. Haryngton, formerly to the king’s council and now clerk of the city council To all Christ’s faithful to whose notice this present letter shall come, greetings from the mayor and commonalty of York. We and our predecessors from time out of mind had the right to common pasture for all our beasts from Michaelmas to the feast of the Purification of the Blessed Mary in a field called Northfield; this right is given to John Wright, master or warden of the hospital of Saint Nicholas outside Walmgate Bar, to the brothers and sisters of that hospital, and to their successors. This field lay outside of Walmgate Bar between the land known as Haworth garths and belonging to Henry Boynton, esquire, on the east, and lands of William Gasgoign and James Charleton on the west. We, the mayor and commonalty, at the request of Richard III, have remised, released and entirely quitclaimed forever for us and our heirs all right and claim to the pasture that we had, have, or in any way henceforth could have, to the master or warden, the brothers and sisters of the hospital, and their successors in perpetuity. So that neither we nor our successors nor anyone inour name may be able henceforth to demand any right or lay any claim to any pasture in Northfield, and so that it be well lawful for the hospital to enclose the pasture with hedges and ditches, we have affixed the common seal to the present grant. Given at York, 26 March 1484.
Richard etc. To the honoured and distinguished men, the burgomaster, wardens and other ministers of justice of the town of Antwerp, our dearest friends, greetings, and continual increase of prosperity. From letters of our merchants now attending the fair in your town we have learnt that when they first landed certain men from Zeeland attacked them with arms and threats as though they were enemies and the merchants themselves and their goods almost fell into their power and became their prey, but you, with your prudence and might, intervened, so that both the merchants and their goods are safe in your town. For this, our noble friends, we give you hearty thanks and will return the service if a future occasion demands and your virtue excites the malice of your adversaries. However, our merchants are afraid that when the freedom of the fair has expired the assailants will remember and attack them again and deprive them of their goods and prevent them from bringing their goods and wares safely over your lands and seas. Therefore we ask your best services in the matter and that you will design to provide safe passage and protection for the persons and goods of these same merchants, so that the premeditated malice of evil men may not cause harm to those who have committed no crime. For this we shall most grateful and it will bring you benefit and honour. With regard to the plundering of your neighbours, which is said to have been the cause of the attack this is the position: we have captured some of these pirates and punished them in a way befitting their crime, others are in prison awaiting punishment, others remain at sea lest, if they landed, they might pay a penalty like that of their companions. When they are taken, they too will be treated according to the dictates of justice. We have made great efforts for their apprehension, and in order that our people may henceforward be more careful and avoid giving such occasion of plunder, we have had public announcement made that all purchase of spoils is forbidden to all our subjects under the heaviest penalties, with the intention that all such plundering shall stop when the spoils cannot be sold anywhere in England and the plunderers themselves be punished by death. How much toil and labour have been expended by our council in London to recover the lost goods and how eagerly they have sought them out, the complainants themselves bear witness, to whom every favour has been shown and every concession made that they thought useful and who are confident of the same support for the future if they which to proceed against the said pirates. Farewell, dearest friends, whom we hold in the greatest respect and honour. From our city of York, the 19th day of June in the year one thousand four hundred and eighty four.
Richard by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland to the honoured and distinguished men the burgomaster, wardens and other ministers of justice of the town of Middelburgh in Zeeland, our very dear friends, greeting, with increased prosperity. Several merchants of our kingdom have informed us, as we have also learnt from the letters of other merchants attending the Antwerp fair, that relying on the hope of enjoying the liberties and free exchange of merchandise as they have been accustomed, they landed there with their men and goods after the perilous sea voyage hoping to be safe, but a numerous host from Zeeland attacked them like enemies and had it not been for your attitude, better and kinder than their malice, of using your prudence and power to restore their ships, the merchants themselves, as well as their good would have fallen a prey to their might. Their excuse was that certain of their goods had been intercepted by certain of our subjects at sea, from whom they had hitherto been unable to obtain restitution, and they therefore dared to commit this abominable crime, assuming by this that we had denied them justice, or would do so. This, noble friends, we have never done even to our enemies, and are much less likely to do to inhabitants of your province, between whom and our realm of England are long standing ties of affection and sacred bonds of peace, which we are resolved to preserve as long as we maintain undisturbed sway and which we hope you in your prudence will not violate. We give you hearty thanks for your kindness towards our subjects and your protection and safe keeping of their goods, and further earnestly exhort you to deign to remove all fear of injury and provide for the safety of these our subjects with safe passage through your territories both by land and sea, so that a slight injury caused by wicked men and left unavenged may not be followed by greater losses that can be easily repaired. This will be most welcome to us and most in keeping with your position. With regard to the plundering of your neighbours by our subjects, we regret this, and the position is as follows: we have captured some of those pirates and they have paid a penalty befitting their crimes; others are in prison awaiting punishment; others remain at sea lest on landing they should pay a penalty like their companions. As soon as the latter are captured they will be treated as justice demands, and we have been devoting no little effort to their capture. In order that our subjects may in future be more careful and that every opportunity of this kind of plundering may be completely removed, we have commanded public proclamation to be made forbidding all purchase of spoils by all our subjects under the severest of penalties, so that all plundering will cease because the spoils cannot be sold anywhere in England and the plunderers themselves are punished with death. How much toil and labour have been expended by our council in London to recover the lost goods, and how eagerly they have been sought them out, the complainants themselves bear witness to whom every favour has been shown and every concession made that they thought necessary, and who are confident of the same support for the future if they which to proceed against the said pirates. Farewell, dear friends, whom we hold in the greatest respect and honour. From our city of York, the nineteenth day of June in the year one thousand four hundred and eighty four.
Richard by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland to the noble and powerful lord of Borow in Zeeland, our very dear friend, greetings and increase of prosperity. Doubtless it has come to your notice how some merchants from our kingdom lately landed in Zeeland with their ships and goods whereupon some inhabitants of the country attacked them, apparently in no small numbers, and would have captured and despoiled them and their ships and goods, if the rulers of the town of Middelburgh had not quickly lent assistance and by their courage and kindness allowed them to escape unharmed. These attackers, however, with others among whom it is said there happen to be some of your subjects from Barow aforesaid, are threatening that after the freedom of the Antwerp fair has expired, when the said merchants return to their ships with their merchandise and goods, to return to England, they will attack them in greater numbers, chiefly because English pirates previously captured and despoiled certain ships from their said homeland of Zeeland, with their merchandise and goods, for which they claim that no restitution has so far been made. This, noble and mighty lord, we consider serious and disturbing, that our subjects should cause violence and injury to the subjects of our dearest kinsman, the Duke of Austria, especially in Zeeland with which the royal house of England has most ancient bonds of friendship and hallowed treaties of peace, which we would rather increase than break. Therefore we ask your magnificence the more earnestly that you will deign that our merchants, who have never done anything amiss, be kindly received in your city and your other lands and dominions when they arise there, and give them your help and aid wherever in Zeeland they may have need of justice. This will give us great satisfaction and in no way be unbefitting or unsuited to so powerful and just a lord, and you will have bound us to the performance of similar offices of humanity for your subjects and the inhabitants of the said country of Zeeland. With regard to the alleged despoiling of your subjects or neighbours, this is how the matter stands: we have captured some of those pirates and they have paid a penalty befitting their crimes; others remain in prison awaiting punishment, and others stay at sea lest on landing they should pay a penalty like that of their companions. As soon as the latter are captured they will also be treated as justice demands, and we have been devoting no little effort to their capture. In order that our subjects may in future be more careful and that every opportunity for this kind of plundering may be completely removed, we have commanded public proclamation to be made forbidding all purchase of spoils by all our subjects under the severest penalties, so that all plundering will cease because the spoils cannot be sold anywhere in England and the plunderers themselves are punished with death. How much toil and labour have been expended by our council in London for the recovery of the goods lost by your subjects and how much favour they have been shown, let the complainants themselves bear witness, to whom no favour has been denied and every concession made that they thought necessary, and who are confident of the same support in the future if they which to proceed against the said pirates. Farewell, noble and mighty lord, and dearest friend. From our city of York, on the nineteenth day of June, in the year one thousand four hundred and eighty four.
William Darley A warrant to Geoffrey fraunk to pay unto William Darley for vj multons for thexpences for the houshold at Pountefreit in the monethe of Juyne last passed as it apperethe by a bill called a debentor ovir vij by him receivor a fore in prest vj li. of the revenues of (his) Sherefhuton and Middilham / At York the xxth day of July Anno Secundo
Robert Lucas A warrant to Thomas Lynom Receyvor of oure lordship of Cotingham to content and pay unto Robert Lucas for xx (qwatters) quarters of whete of him boghte in the monethe of Juyn last passed vij li. of the recenues of the said lordship. Yeven at York the xxth day of July Anno Secundo
Robert Burdon A warrant to Launcelot Neville fermor of the landes in Derlingtome to content and pay unto Robert Burdon oone of the kinges purvieours x li. which he owe for the fermee of the said landes. Yevene etc at York the xxth day of July Anno Secundo
(A warrant to Nicholas Leventhorpe)
Welbeloved we grete you wele. And for asmuche as we for diverse consideracions have assigned the lordeshippes of Ulverstone and Thirnom in the Countie of Lancastre amonge othre for thexpences of oure houshold of diverse oure servauntes to be holdene at oure Castele of Sandalle we therfore wole and desire you that after the sighte of these oure lettres ye no further entremitte in receivyng any rentes or fermes of the said lordshippes but to surcesse of the same and all suche money as ye have received for the tyme ye have been receivor that ye delivere the same unto oure righte trusty servaunt Geoffrey Franke as ye wol deserve oure pleasur Yevene etc At York the xxth day of July Anno Secundo
Trusty etc. And wolle that undre the seal of oure duchie of Lancastre being in youre keping ye doo make oure lettres of warrant to our trusty servaunt Nicholas Leventhorp oure receivor of oure duchie of Lancastre charging him by the same ot content and pay unto oure trusty servaunt John Dawney late oure tresorer at Pointefreit the summe of Cxxxix li. X s. due to him for diverse provicions and Emposicions by him made for the expense of oure most dere some whom god pardonne taking of him lettres and his debenter of acquitaunce of the same. And also content and paye unto William Todde of York the summe of xxviij li. iiij s. viij d. for beves salt shofold / and woode of him by Richard Goghe for vitailling of oure shippes at Scardburghe taking of him ij billes of debenter And also lettres of acquitaunce for oure discharge in that behalve. Yeven etc. at York the xxjth day of July Anno secundo
John Bolok A warrant to Baillif of Thrisk to content and lay unto John Book x li. of redy money of the kinges reward of the lordship of Thirsk . At York the xxjth day of July
Thomas Elringstone Richard etc To all maires Shireffes Bailliffes Constables all othre officers ministres and soubgettes greting For asmucheas we have appointed and assigned oure welbeloved servaunt Thomas Elringstone to take for us and in oure name aswele Certain Tymbre Vitailles fewelle and stuf necessarye and behovefulle for the vitailling and fortifieng of oure Castelle of Dombarre as Shippes and othre vessaille requisite for the carieng and convey aunce of the same we therfore wolle and command youe and every of youe that onto oure said servaunt in deuly executing oure said appointment ye be unto him helping counseilling and assisting in alle that ye goodly may as ye entende to please us and well eschhewe the country yevene at York the xxjth day of July Anno Secundo
Lady Warrwik (Ric etc) A warrant to (oure) the Righte welbeloved knighte for (oure) the kinges body Sir Thomas Worthley and to dame Jane his wiff late wiff to Sir John Pilkyngtone knight deceased and now fermor of alle the landes & tenementes that were the said Sir John during the nonne age of Edward son and heire of the said Sir John greting / Charging youe to content and pay unto the Countees of Warwik iiij li. during the nonne age of the said Edward of the revenues of the said landes yevene etc at York the xxjth day of July Anno Secundo
Thomas Stackhous A warrant to Thomas Lynom Receyvor of the lordship of Cotingham to content and pay to Thomas Stakhous the somme of lx li. for beefes and malt boughe by John Cutte (w) for vitailling of Shippes at Hulle yeven at Yorke the xxijth day of Juyll Anno ij Regis Ricardo iij
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