FALCONRY

 

Abressemine

Disease of hawks.

Alleron

Tip of a wing of a hawk.

Ancipiter

Bird of prey.

Anoselen

To train a hawk to fly at birds.

Astringer

Keeper of the goshawks.

Bate

In falconry, to beat the wings impatiently and flutter away from the fist or perch.

Belled

Attachment of a bell and jess (thong) to one leg of an eagle, falcon, or hawk.

Bewits

Strips of leather by which bells were fastened to a hawk's legs.

Cadge

Wooden frame on which hawks were carried into the field by a cadger across the shoulders. It was padded on its upper side as a perch for the hawks.

Cadger

A caretaker of hawks.

Call Off

To lure a hawk from a fist of an assistant from considerable distance and thus confirm that the bird was approaching readiness for the hunt.

Carry

A hawk flying away with the quarry as the falconer approaches.

Cast

A pair of hawks in hawking.

 

Carry

A hawk flying away with the quarry as the falconer approaches.

Cope

To pare and shorten the beak and claws of a hawk.

Creance

Long line attached to a hawk or to a live lure; used in training the bird to hunt and return to the fist.

Enseame

To purge a hawk of superflous fat and so to render it fit for flying.

Eyass

A nesting place.

Eyrie, Eyry

Nest or breeding place of hawks.

Falcon-Gentle

Female peregrine falcon.

Ger, Gyr, Jer

Falconer's term for the larger of the falconry birds.

Gorge

Hawk that has eaten its fill.

Haggard

Wild hawk that has molted for the first time, as distinguished from an eyass, the younger, and a passage hawk, the older bird.

Jack

Male merlin.

Jesse

A leather strap eight to nine inches long, fastened to each leg of a hawk just below her bells.

Jessed

A hunting bird tethered by a leather thong attached to one leg.

Jowk

To sleep, as of a hawk.

Lanner

A falcon the same size as a peregrine.

Leash

Leather thong about a yard long and a half an inch wide with a button on one end and tapering to a point at the other, by which a hawk was confined.

Lure

A device consisting of feathers on the end of a long cord; often baited with food. Used to recall the hawk.

Make Hawk

An old hawk flown with a young one to assist and teach her.

Make Point

Hawk's perpendicular rise in the air over the place where her quarry has 'put in'.

Man

To train a hawk to become accustomed to the presence of strangers.

Merlin

A type of European falcon, smaller than imported peregrine and more frequently used by women who enjoyed the sport.

Mews

House or room where hawks were kept to breed and molt.

Passage Hawk

Bird caught on migration in immature plumage.

Peregrine

A swift falcon.

Pitch

Height to which a hawk rose in the air when she was waiting on her prey.

Point, Making Her

Hawk rising prependicularly in the air over the place where she has put in, or traced her quarry.

Put In

To seek refuge, as a quarry fleeing from a hawk.

Put Out

To drive quarry out of the cover in which it had been taken refuge from a hawk.

Rake Away

Action by a hawk that flew too wide or that left the falconer to pursue a distant quarry.

Rameurs

Long-winged falconry birds, or rowers as they moved their wings in flight.

Reclaim

To tame a hawk and make her familiar with and accustomed to humans.

Red Hawk

A peregrine in her red or immature plumage.

Rufter Hood

A hawk's head covering with the back cut away, put on a newly caught hawk so that she could be fed easily. It was not removed from her head until she was ready to be fitted with the hood proper.

Sails

The wings of a hawk.

Saker (Sacre)

A falcon.

Seels

To sew together the eyelids of a newly caught hawk, a practice common to Persian falconers but rarely used in the West.

Stoop

Rapid descent of a falcon from a height upon her prey.

Summed

Hawk with fully grown plumage.

Tercel, Terciel

The male falcon - so named because it was only one-third of the size of the female.

Train

Live bird given to a hawk in a creance to teach her to hunt their species as a particular quarry.

Truss(2)

Hawk's cluctching and holding the quarry in her stoop without letting it go.

Varvels

Small rings of silver fastened to the jesses of a hawk, usually engraved with the owner's name.

Wait On

The act of a hawk flying in circles above the falconer in expectation of the quarry being sprung below.

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